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Major References in Deer(Cervids) Ecology, Management & Conservation. 
menuin theme
MORPHOLOGY
    /Deer Morphology(5)
    /Antler(s)(133)
    /Skull(4)
    /Stomach(4)
    /Gall Stone(1)
    /Hair(1)
    /Hair / Microscopic(8)
    /Variation in Deer(29)
Gene, DNA, Probe(27)
ECOLOGY
    /Population(60)
        //Ratio(3)
        //Population Crash(6)
    /Segregation(6)
        //Sexual Segregation(14)
        //Habitat Segregation(22)
    /Damage, Deer(17)EMoose(4)
    /Deer Island(19) 
    /Angel Island(5)
SPECIES
    /Caribou(218)


Antler(s)(133) -1(90)@

Nitrogen Requirements for Antler Growth and Maintenance in White-Tailed Deer.
Asleson, Mark A. Hellgren, Eric C. Varner, Larry W.
The journal of wildlife management. OCT 01 1996 v 60 n 4 744

Control of antler cycle and reproduction in red deer stags.
Jaczewski, Z.
Reproduction in domestic animals = Zuchthygiene SEP 01 1996 v 31 n 3 505

A miniature antler bow from a Middle Bronze Age site at Isleham, (Cambridgeshire), England.
Gdaniec, Kasia
Antiquity; a quarterly review of archaeology. SEP 01 1996 v 70 n 269 652

Experimental and theoretical quantification of the development of damage in fatigue tests of bone and antler.
Zioupos, P. Wang, Xiao Tong Currey, J.D.
Journal of biomechanics. AUG 01 1996 v 29 n 8 989

Innervation and anesthesia of the antler pedicle in wapiti an fallow deer.
Murray R. Haigh, Jerry C.
The Canadian veterinary journal. AUG 01 1996 v 37 n 8 486

Yellowstone's long-running "antler wars" reach a fevered new pitch.
Outside. JUL 01 1996 v 21 n 7 22

Xylazine and a xylazine/fentanyl citrate/azaperone combination in farmed deer II: Velvet antler removal and reversal combinations.
Wilson, P. R. Biemans, J. Spoorenberg, J.
New Zealand veterinary journal. JUN 01 1996 v 44 n 3 88

The La Marche Antler Revisited.
Marshack, Alexander d'Errico, Francesco
Cambridge archaeological journal. APR 01 1996 v 6 n 1 99

Chondrogenesis in the Regenerating Antler Tip in Red Deer: Expression of Collagen Types I, IIA, IIB, and X Demonstrated by In Situ Nucleic Acid Hybridization and Immunocytochemistry.
Price, Joanna S. Oyajobi, Babtunde O. Sandell, Linda J.
Developmental dynamics. MAR 01 1996 v 205 n 3 332

Effect of Testosterone Treatment on the Antler Cycle of an Indian Hog Deer (Cervus porcinus) with Low Endogenous Level of Testosterone.
Durrant, Barbara S. Oosterhuis, James E. Welsh Jr., Thomas H.
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official MAR 01 1996 v 27 n 1 76

How Do They Measure Up?
Arsenault, Richard P.
Maine fish and wildlife. Fall 1995 v 37 n 3 22

Tissue Differentiation and Correlated Changes in Enzymatic Activities During Primary Antler Development in Fallow Deer (Dama dama).
Szuwart, Thomas Kierdorf, Horst Clemen, Gunter
The anatomical record. DEC 01 1995 v 243 n 4 413

Boll Weevil Anthonomus grandis Boh. Oviposition Is Decreased in Cotton Gossypium hirsutum L. Line Lower in Antler Monosaccharides and Gossypol.
Hedin, Paul A. McCarty Jr., Jack C.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. OCT 01 1995 v 43 n 10 2735

A New Model and Its Implications for the Origin of Writing: The La Marche Antler Revisited.
d'Errico, Francesco
Cambridge archaeological journal. OCT 01 1995 v 5 n 2 163

**Kinematics of Underthrusting in the Paleozoic Basin.
Jansma, Pamela E. Speed, Robert C.
The journal of geology. SEP 01 1995 v 103 n 5 559

Effects of Castration on Antler Growth in Fallow Deer (Dama dama L.).
Kierdorf, Uwe Kierdorf, Horst Knuth, Susanne
The journal of experimental zoology. SEP 01 1995 v 273 n 1 33

Allozymes and the genetics of antler development in red deer (Cervus elaphus).
G.B. Klein, F. Lang, G.
Journal of zoology : proceedings of the zoologi SEP 01 1995 v 237 p 1 83

Deer antler tissue contains two types of bone morphogenetic protein 4 mRNA transcripts.
Feng, J.Q. Chen, D. Harris, S.E.
Biochimica et biophysica acta. Gene structure a AUG 22 1995 v 1263 n 2 163

Antler rubs by white-tailed deer: the importance of trees in a prairie environment.
Oehler Sr., Michael W. Jenks, Jonathan A. Bowyer, R. Terry
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien d JUL 01 1995 v 73 n 7 1383

Antler Loss and Udder Distention in Relation to Parturition in Caribou.
Whitten, Kenneth R.
The journal of wildlife management. APR 01 1995 v 59 n 2 273

Future Directions in Antler Research.
Goss, Richard J.
The anatomical record. MAR 01 1995 v 241 n 3 291

Role of Steroids in Antler Growth of Red Deer Stags.
Corson, I.D. Suttie, J.M. Fennessy, P.F.
The journal of experimental zoology. FEB 01 1995 v 271 n 2 120

Seasonality of the Antler Cycle of Pampas Deer (Ozotoceros bezoarticus leucogaster) from the Pantanal Wetland, Brazil.
Tomas, Walfrido Moraes
Studies on neotropical fauna and environment. 1995 v 30 n 4 221

Occurence of palmated Cervus elaphus from Italian late Pleistocene localities.
Abbazzi, Laura Rendiconti Lincei.
Scienze fisiche e naturali. 1995 s 9 v 6 f 3 189
Summary: The occurrence of a morphotype of Cervus elaphus from the Italian latest Pleistocene localities is discussed. This cervid, which is referred in the literature to the subspecies Cervus elaphus palmidactyloceros De Stefano (1911), is characterized by palmated antlers. The occurrence of this morphotype could be related to environmental conditions. The modification of the distal antler may have resulted in changes in the social behavior of the animals, especially with regard to mating ritual and competition between males.

Objects of Bone, Antler and Horn from the Circular Fortress of Oost-souberg, the Netherlands (A.D. 900-975).
Lauwerier, Roel C.G.M. van Heeringen, Robert
Medieval archaeology. 1995 v 39 71

Function of bone-antler points in the late and final Jomon period.
Aita, Yoshihiro
Kokogaku kenkyu. DEC 27 1994 v 41 n 3 39
Summary: TEXT IN JAPANESE

Effects of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF-II on the growth of antler cells in vitro.
Suttie, J.M. Sadighi, M. Haines, S.R.
Journal of endocrinology. DEC 01 1994 v 143 n 3 461

Male traits as life-history variables: annual variation in body mass and antler size in moose (Alces alces).
Solberg, Erling Johan
Journal of mammalogy. NOV 01 1994 v 75 n 4 1069

Cells cultured from the growing tip of red deer antler express alkaline phosphatase and proliferate in response to insulin-like growth factor-I.
Price, J.S. Oyajobi, B.O. Russell, R.G.G.
Journal of endocrinology. NOV 01 1994 v 143 n 2 R9

Antler Oddities.
Shipes, Derrell
South Carolina wildlife. SEP 01 1994 v 41 n 5 36
Summary: Many factors influence the formation of a whitetail buck's might rack - and a lot can go wrong

Heritabilities for Antler Characteristics and Body Weight in Yearling White-tailed Deer.
Williams, John D. Krueger, W. F. Harmel, Donnie H.
Heredity; an international journal of genetics JUL 01 1994 v 73 p 1 78

Light Microscopic Studies of Pedicle and Early First Antler Development in Red Deer.
Chunyi Suttie, James M.
The anatomical record. JUN 01 1994 v 239 n 2 198

Pedicle and Antler Regeneration Following Antlerogenic Tissue Removal in Red Deer (Cervus elaphus).
Li, Chunyi Suttie, James M.
The journal of experimental zoology. MAY 15 1994 v 269 n 1 37

An examination of the micromechanics of failure of bone and antler by acoustic emission tests and Laser Scanning Confocal microscopy.
Zioupos, P. Currey, J. D. Sedman, A. J.
Medical engineering & physics. MAY 01 1994 v 16 n 3 203

Role of gonadal hormones in the regulation of the seasonal antler cycle in female reindeer, Rangifer tarandus.
Lincoln, G.A. Tyler, N.J.C.
Journal of reproduction and fertility. MAY 01 1994 v 101 n 1 129

Use Wear on Bone and Antler Tools from the Mackenzie Delta, Northwest Territories.
LeMoine, Genevieve M.
American antiquity; a quarterly review of ameri APR 01 1994 v 59 n 2 316

Bone and Antler Tools and Decorative Objects from the Rosenstock Site.
Elizabeth A.
Maryland archeology : journal of the Archeologi MAR 01 1994 v 30 n 1 17

Antler growth and morphology in a feral sika deer (Cervus nippon) population in Killarney, Ireland.
Hayden, T.J. Lynch, J.M. O'Corry-Crowe, G.
Journal of zoology : proceedings of the zoologi JAN 01 1994 v 232 p 1 21

Antler and Tongue. New Archaeological Evidence in the Study of the Chu Tomb Guardian.
Dematte, P.
East and west. 1994 v 44 n 1 / 4 353

Relationship between velvet antler weight and liveweight in red deer (Cervus elaphus).
Ball, A.J. Thompson, J.M. Fennessy, P.F.
New Zealand journal of agricultural research. 1994 v 37 n 2 153

Hiding Out. A leg, an eye, is that a branch or an antler...find them all in this photographic tour of "hiding cover."
Bugle. Sprg 1993 v 10 n 2 57

Phosphorus nutrition in white-tailed deer: nutrient balance, physiological responses, and antler growth
Grasman, Brian T. Grasman, Brian T. Hellgren, Eric C.
Ecology. DEC 01 1993 v 74 n 8 2279

How to Score a Rack. Accurate antler measurements are easy.
Fiduccia, Peter
Sports afield. DEC 01 1993 v 210 n 6 90

The Antler Tree.
Szafranski, Keith.
WildBird. DEC 01 1993 v 7 n 12 64
Summary: An unusual shelter made of shed elk and deer antlers is used by wintering birds in Montana.

Pedicle and Antler Development Following Sectioning of the Sensory Nerves to the Antlerogenic Region of Red Deer (Cervus elaphus).
Li, Chunyi Sheard, Philip W. Corson, Ian D.
The Journal of experimental zoology. OCT 01 1993 v 267 n 2 188

Receptors for insulin-like growth factor-II in the growing tip of the deer antler.
Elliott, J. L. Oldham, J. M. Ambler, G. R.
The Journal of endocrinology. AUG 01 1993 v 138 n 2 233-241

Effects of an Antiandrogen Treatment on the Antler Cycle of Male Fallow Deer.
Kierdorf, Uwe Schultz, Michael Fischer, Klaus
The Journal of experimental zoology. JUL 01 1993 v 266 n 3 195

Disbudding of red deer stag calves to prevent antler growth.
Hamilton, W. J.
The veterinary record. JAN 16 1993 v 132 n 3 62

Seasonal variation of LH and testosterone in the smallest deer, the pudu (Pudupuda Molina) and its relationship to the antler cycle.
Reyes, E. Munoz, P. Recabarren, S.
Comparative biochemistry and physiology. a: co 1993 v 106 n 4 683

Antler conformation in red deer of the Mesola Wood, northern Italy.
Mattioli, S.
Acta theriologica 1993 v 38 n 4 443

The Mechanism of Antler Casting in the Fallow Deer.
Goss, Richard J. Van Praagh, Andrew Brewer, Peter
The Journal of experimental zoology. DEC 15 1992 v 264 n 4 429

Chronology of antler velvet shedding in captive Louisiana White-Tailed deer.
Stephen R. Johnson, Mark K.
The Journal of wildlife management. OCT 01 1992 v 56 n 4 651

Characteristics of amino acid and polypeptide profile in Cervi pavum cornu (deer pilous antler)
Jung, Won Tae Shin, Jae Young Cho, Soon Hyun
Shoyakugaku zasshi =Japanese journal of pharma SEP 01 1992 v 46 n 3 273

Antler Cycles.
Hamilton, Joe
South Carolina wildlife. SEP 01 1992 v 39 n 5 16
Summary: They aren't horns, whitetails don't keep one set all their lives, and you can't count the points to determine a buck's age.

A Late Pleistocene Antler Artifact from the Klondike District, Yukon Territory, Canada.
Harington, C. R. Morlan, Richard E.
Arctic. SEP 01 1992 v 45 n 3 269

Seasonal pattern of luteinizing hormone and testosterone pulsatile secretion in young adult red deer stage (Cervus elaphus)and its association with the antler cycle.
Suttie, J. M. Fennessy, P. F. Corson, I. D.
Journal of reproduction and fertility. AUG 01 1992 v 95 n 3 925

Influence of photoperiod on the seasonal pattern of secretion of luteinizing hormone and testosterone and on the antler cycle in roe deer (capreolus capreolus).
Sempere, A. J. Mauget, R. Bubenik, G. A.
Journal of reproduction and fertility. AUG 01 1992 v 95 n 3 693

Structure of the complement-activating proteoglycan from the pilose antler of Cervus nippon Temminck.
Zhao, Q.C. Kiyohara, H. Nagai, T.
Carbohydrate research. JUN 16 1992 v 230 n 2 361

Bone ultrastructure in the antler of the extinct giant irish deer (Megaceros).
Dickson, G. R.
International journal of osteoarchaeology. JUN 01 1992 v 2 n 2 171

Antler casting and parturition in wild female caribou.
Gagnon, Luc Barrette, Cyrille
Journal of mammalogy. MAY 01 1992 v 73 n 2 440

Presence of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-I Receptors and Absence of Growth Hormone Receptors in the Antler Tip.
Elliott, J.L. Oldham, J.M. Ambler, G.R.
Endocrinology. MAY 01 1992 v 130 n 5 2513

Antler stress in the nasal bone region of moose.
Nygren, Kaarlo Silvennoinen, Raimo Karna, Markku
Alces. 1992 supp1 84

Rapid neural growth: calcitonin gene-related peptide and substance P-containing nerves attain exceptional growth rates in regenerating deer antler.
Gray, C. Hukkanen, M. Konttinen, Y. T.
Neuroscience. 1992 v 50 n 4 953

Temporal changes in LH and testosterone and their relationship with the first antler in red deer (Cervus elaphus) stags from 3 to 15 months of age.
Suttie, J.M. Fennessy, P.F. Crosbie, S.F.
Journal of endocrinology. DEC 01 1991 v 131 n 3 467

Points of Distinction.
Biggs, Mike
Field and stream. DEC 01 1991 v 96 n 8 56
Summary: Antler tines always grow toward the sky...except for those rare times when nature creates a miracle.

Velvet antler harvesting from fallow deer (Dama dama).
Mulley, R.C. English, A.W.
Australian veterinary journal. SEP 01 1991 v 68 n 9 309

Evidence that the seasonal antler cycle of adult Reeves' muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi) is not associated with reproductive quaiescence.
Chapman, N. G. Harris, S.
Journal of reproduction and fertility. JUL 01 1991 v 92 n 2 361

On the Tornio Antler and the Palaeolithic-husbandry hypothesis.
Nunez, Milton
Current anthropology. JUN 01 1991 v 32 n 3 330

A New Moitoring system of cultured Myocardial Cell Motion: Effect of Pilose Antler Extract and Cardioactive Agents on Spontaneous Beating of Myocardial Cell Sheets.
Huang, S.-L. Kakiuchi, N. Hattori, M.
Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin. FEB 01 1991 v 39 n 2 384

Antler orogeny: A Mediterranean-type orogeny.
Burchfiel, B.C. Royden, L.H.
Geology. JAN 01 1991 v 19 n 1 66

Antler cycle and endocrine parameters in male axis deer(Axis axis): seasonal evels of LH, FSH, testosterone, and prolactin and results of GnRH and ACTH challenge tests.
Bubenik, G.A. Borwn, R.D. Schams, D.
Comparative biochemistry and physiology. A: Co 1991 v 99 n 4 645

Neolithic Manufacture of Antler Axes at Brzesc Kujawski, Poland.
Grygiel, Ryszard Bogucki, Peter
Archeomaterials. Wint 1990 v 4 n 1 69

Major lymph nodes of the head of the fallow deer (Dama dama) and lymphatic drainage of antler.
Barrell, G.K.
Australian veterinary journal. NOV 01 1990 v 67 n 11 406

Home of the Sika deer
China tourism. SEP 01 1990 1990 n 123 36
Summary: Another of Jilin's famous products is pilose antler. Deer have been bred for their antlers in Shuangyang County for around 150 years.

Ossification of the Antler in the Lapland Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus).
Ronning, O. Salo, L.A. Larmas, M.
Acta anatomica, international archives of anato APR 01 1990 v 137 n 4 359

Analysis of Glycolipids in Antler by HPTLC.
Jhon, gil-Ja Park, Eun-Jung
Hanguk Saenghwal Kwahak Yonguwon nonchong. JAN 01 1990 v 45 47 Summary TEXT IN KOREAN

Sparring, relative antler size, and assessment in male caribou.
Barrette, C. Vandal, D.
Behavioral ecology and sociobiology. 1990 v 26 n 6 383

Evidence for Extrarenal Production of 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin During Physiological Bone Growth: In Vivo and in Vitro Production by Deer Antler Cells.
Sempere, A.J. Grimberg, R. Silve, C.
Endocrinology. NOV 01 1989 v 125 n 5 2312

œAntler Characteristics In A Colonizing Elk Population.
McCorquodale, Scott M. Eberhardt, Lester E. Sargeant, Glen A.
The journal of wildlife management. JUL 01 1989 v 53 n 3 618

Constituents of the pilose antler of Cervus nippon var. mantchuricus
Hattori, Masao Yang, Xiu-Wei Kaneko, Shuji
Shoyakugaku zasshi = Japanese journal of pharma JUN 01 1989 v 43 n 2 173

Note on collagen molecular preservation in an 11 ka old Megaceros (Giant Deer) antler: solubilization in a non-aqueous medium (anhydrous formic acid).
Jope, E.M. Jope, Margaret
Applied geochemistry : journal of the Internati MAY 01 1989 v 4 n 3 301

Antler, Bottineau County, ND-Gateway to the U.S. North central
North Dakota genealogical record MAY 01 1989 n 39 25

Environmental and genetic components of antler growth in white-tailed deer.
Kim T. Smith, Michael H. Johns, Paul E.
Journal of mammalogy. MAY 01 1989 v 70 n 2 284

Pulsatile growth hormone, insulin-like growth factors and antler development in red deer (Cervus elaphus scoticus) stags.
Suttie, J.M. Fennessy, P.F. Corson, I.D.
Journal of endocrinology. MAY 01 1989 v 121 n 2 351

œOn Distinguishing Natural from Cultural Damage on Archaeological Antler.
Olsen, S.L.
Journal of archaeological science. MAR 01 1989 v 16 n 2 125

Reproduction in the red deer female and the effect of oestrogens on the antler cycle and behaviour.
Jaczewski, Z.
Acta physiologica Polonica. JAN 01 1989 v 40 n 1 85

Seasonal changes of testis volume and sperm quality in adult fallow deer (Dama dama) and their relationship to the antler cycle.
Fischer, Gosch. Fischer, K.
Journal of reproduction and fertility. JAN 01 1989 v 85 n 1 7

Antler-Rattling Techniques: Here's how to rattle in the big bucks!
Kirk, Don
Bow & arrow magazine's bowhunter's annual. 1989 n 14 74

Strain rate dependence of the mechanical properties of reindeer antler and the cumulative damage model of bone fracture.
Currey, J.D.
Journal of biomechanics. 1989 v 22 n 5 469

Antler anomalies in Tule elk.
Gogan, Peter J.P.
Journal of wildlife diseases. OCT 01 1988 v 24 n 4 656

Antler(s)-2(43)@ @

Antlers, bone pins and flint blades: the Mesolithic cemeteries of Teviec and Hoedic, Brittany.
Schulting, Rick J.
Antiquity; a quarterly review of archaeology. JUN 01 1996 v 70 n 268 335

Antlers and parasites.
Folstad, I. Arneberg, P. Karter, A.J.
Oecologia. APR 01 1996 v 105 n 4 556

Calcium Treasures.
Blair, Mike
Kansas wildlife & parks. MAR 01 1996 v 53 n 2 8
Summary: Deer shed their antlers in late winter, and many hunters spend hours searching for these lost treasures.

On the Antlers of a Dilemma.
Vance, Joel M.
Missouri conservationist. FEB 01 1996 v 57 n 2 4
Summary: Deer antlers are the objects of illegal trade.

Chemical Composition of Antlers from Wapiti (Cervus elaphus).
Sim, Jeong S. Sunwoo, Hoon H. Nakano, Takuo
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. NOV 01 1995 v 43 n 11 2846

Red Deer Antlers as Biomonitors for Lead Contamination.
Tataruch, F.
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxi SEP 01 1995 v 55 n 3 332

œFunctional directional asymmetry in fallow deer (Dama dama) antlers.
Alverez, F.
Journal of zoology : proceedings of the zoologi AUG 01 1995 v 236 p 4 563

Eyewitness.
Daniel, David
Smartmoney SEP 01 1995 v 4 n 9 161
Summary: Men's fall fashions: Who could have guessed deer antlers would be in this year?

Trophy Hunting With A Camera.
Bauer, Erwin A.
Outdoor photographer. JUL 01 1995 v 11 n 6 38
Summary: Since prehistoric times, man has been fascinated with the antlers and horns of big mammals.

Pieces Of Nature.
Florists' review. MAY 01 1995 v 186 n 5 66
Summary: Bringing the Rocky Mountains indoors with permanent materials, wooden animals and fallen deer antlers.

Occurence of palmated Cervus elaphus from Italian late Pleistocene localities.
Abbazzi, Laura
Rendiconti Lincei. Scienze fisiche e naturali. 1995 s 9 v 6 f 3 189
Summary: The occurrence of a morphotype of Cervus elaphus from the Italian latest Pleistocene localities is discussed. This cervid, which is referred in the literature to the subspecies Cervus elaphus palmidactyloceros De Stefano (1911), is characterized by palmated antlers. The occurrence of this morphotype could be related to environmental conditions. The modification of the distal antler may have resulted in changes in the social behavior of the animals, especially with regard to mating ritual and competition between males.

Sr in Antlers and Bone of a Danish Roe Deer Population.
Strandberg, M. Strandgaard, H.
Journal of environmental radioactivity. 1995 v 27 n 1 65

Strontium-90 in antlers of red deer: an indicator of environmental contamination by strontium-90.
Schonhofer, F. Tataruch, F. Friedrich, M.
Science of the total environment. DEC 11 1994 v 157 323

Horns and Antlers.
Ranger rick NOV 01 1994 v 28 n 11 18

What's Good for Buck.
Venters, Vic
Wildlife in North Carolina. SEP 01 1994 v 58 n 9 4
Summary: If you want big, healthy buck deer with impressive antlers, you've got to give'em time to grow up. And it doesn't hurt to thin out some of the distaff competition.

Trophies.
Kerasote, Ted
Wyoming wildlife. SEP 01 1994 v 58 n 9 32
Summary: The measurement of the hunter's trophy has been largely reduced to a statistical exercise. One hunter offers a different yardstick for the measurement of a trophy, one that depends on knowing the quarry, the wild land it occupies, and finally, knowing one's self. The trophy is not in the size of the antlers but in the sincerity of the hunt.

Regional distribution of estradiol receptors in growing antlers.
Lewis, Lynley K. Barrell, Graham K.
Steroids. AUG 01 1994 v 59 n 8 490

œFluctuating asymmetry in antlers of fallow deer, Dama dama, indicates dominance.
Malyon, C. Healy, S.
Animal behaviour. JUL 01 1994 v 48 p 1 248

Why Antlers Branched Out.
Geist, Valerius
Natural history. APR 01 1994 v 103 n 4 66

Biogen content in roe deer Capreolus capreolus antlers and skulls.
Pis, T. Cichonska, M. Gorecki, A.
Acta theriologica 1994 v 39 n 1 13

The Elk Graveyard.
Strangis, Jay
Bugle. Wint 1993 v 10 n 1 20
Summary: Antlers in sizes that would drive the keepers of record books crazy poke up and lean upon each other like so much deadwood.

œFluctuating asymmetry in the antlers of moose (Alces alces): does it signal male quality?
Solberg, E. J. Saether, B.-E.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Ser DEC 22 1993 v 254 n 1341 251

The Antler Tree.
Szafranski, Keith.
WildBird. DEC 01 1993 v 7 n 12 64
Summary: An unusual shelter made of shed elk and deer antlers is used by wintering birds in Montana.

Prostaglandin-like activity, fatty acid and phospholipid composition of Sika deer (Cervus nippon) antlers at different growth stages.
Ivankina, N.F. Isay, S.V. Busarova, N.G.
Comparative biochemistry and physiology. B, Co 1993 v 106 n 1 159

Aesculus, Antlers and a sense for the forces that formed us
Morrow, Joel
Biodynamics. Sprg 1992 1992 n 182 18

Nonrandom Distribution of Antlers Cast by Peary Caribou Bulls, Melville Island, Northwest Territories.
Miller, Frank L. Barry, Samuel J.
Arctic. SEP 01 1992 v 45 n 3 252

Shedding Some Light.
Doggett, Joe
Field and stream. FEB 01 1992 v 96 n 10 44
Summary: Bucks discard their antlers each winter; these cast-offs can tell you where their owners will be come fall.

œMorphometric Diversification of Red Deer Antlers from Selected Regions of Poland--Symmetry, Mean Values.
Gorynska, Wieslawa Leskow, Jacek
Folia forestalia Polonica. Seria A: Lesnictwo 1992 n 34 39

BAPLA locks antlers with publisher/Polaroid launches final art contest/Kodak re-organises.
British journal of photography. AUG 22 1991 v 139 n 6834 4

Induction of Deer Antlers by Transplanted Periosteum: III. Orientation.
Goss, Richard J.
The journal of experimental zoology. AUG 01 1991 v 259 n 2 246

NT Investigates.
Isakov, K.
New time : a Soviet weekly of world affairs. JUL 30 1991 n 30 38
Summary: The Case Of Antlers.

œEffects of Harvest on Antlers of Simulated Populations of Elk.
Thelen, Thomas H.
The journal of wildlife management. APR 01 1991 v 55 n 2 243

œBones of contention revisited: did antlers enlarge with sexual selection as a consequence of neonatal security strategies?
Geist, V.
Applied animal behaviour science. FEB 01 1991 v 29 n 1 / 4 453

On calcium deficiency and brittle antlers.
Bleich, Vernon C.
Journal of wildlife diseases. OCT 01 1990 v 26 n 4 588

Tumor-Like Growth of Antlers in Castrated Fallow Deer: an Electron Microscopic Study.
Goss, R.J.
Scanning microscopy. SEP 01 1990 v 4 n 3 715

Home of the Sika deer
China tourism. SEP 01 1990 1990 n 123 36
Summary: Another of Jilin's famous products is pilose antler. Deer have been bred for their antlers in Shuangyang County for around 150 years.

Interactions between asymmetric brow tines in caribou and reindeer antlers.
Richard J.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien JUN 01 1990 v 68 n 6 1115

Scouting Antlers.
The American West. APR 01 1990 v 27 n 2 28
Summary: Selling elk antlers has won the Boy Scouts of Jackson Hole, Wyoming, the unofficial title of "richest Boy Scout troop in America".

A cow moose may not have antlers, but it certainly has a temper.
Sadjak, Bernie
Outdoor life. MAR 01 1990 v 185 n 3 16

Antlers Full of Plants.
Ranger rick NOV 01 1989 v 23 n 11 36

Filming what comes naturally; How a red deer can grow antlers before you very eyes.
Sparks, John
New scientist. DEC 24 1988 v 120 n 1644 / 1645 41

Seven League Eyes.
McKinney, Robert L.
Archery world. MAR 01 1989 v 38 n 2 70
Summary: If you've ever strained your eyes to make out a rack in the pre-dawn light or tried to pick antlers out of a brush covered mountainside at midday, you'll be interested in the World of Bowhunting Optics.

1-800-BIG BUCK.
Outdoor Oklahoma. NOV 01 1988 v 44 n 6 28
Summary: Let deer do the walking while you do the calling with rattling antlers and a variety of calls.

Segregation in Cervids(6)@

Ecological factors influencing sexual segregation and group size in fallow deer (Dama dama).
Thirgood, S.J.
Journal of zoology : proceedings of the zoologi AUG 01 1996 v 239 p 4 783

Sexual Segregation in Rocky Mountain Mule Deer.
Main, Martin B. Coblentz, Bruce E.
The journal of wildlife management. JUL 01 1996 v 60 n 3 497

Sexual Segregation in Black-Tailed Deer: Effects Of Scale.
Bowyer, R. Terry Kie, John G. Van Ballenberghe, Victor
The journal of wildlife management. JAN 01 1996 v 60 n 1 10

Winter Segregation by the Sexes of White-Tailed Deer.
Brockmann, S.P. Pletscher, D.H.
Western journal of applied forestry. JAN 01 1993 v 8 n 1 27

Sexual Segregation in Alaskan Moose.
Wildlife monographs. JUL 01 1992 n 122

Habitat segregation by moose in a boreal forest ecotone.
Miller, B.K. Litvaitis, J.A.
Acta theriologica 1992 v 37 n 1 / 2 41

Sexual Segregation(14)@

Sexual segregation in ungulates: new directions for research.
Main, Martin B. Weckerly, Floyd W. Bleich, Vernon C.
Journal of mammalogy. MAY 01 1996 v 77 n 2

Sexual segregation in kudu: sex differences in competitive ability, predation risk or nutritional needs?
du Toit, J.T.
South african journal of wildlife research. DEC 01 1995 v 25 n 4 127

Individual differences in mouse behavioural development: effects of precocious weaning and ongoing sexual segregation.
Terranova, M.L. Laviola, G.
Animal behaviour. NOV 01 1995 v 50 p 5 1261

Tests Of Hypotheses-For Sexual Segregation In Grizzly Bears.
Wielgus, Robert B. Bunnell Fred L.
The journal of wildlife management. JUL 01 1995 v 59 n 3 552

Sexual Segregation And Female Grizzly Bear Avoidance of Males.
Wielgus, Robert B. Bunnell, Fred L.
The journal of wildlife management. JUL 01 1994 v 58 n 3 405

Sexual habitat Segregation by Ameican Redstarts Wintering in Jamaica: Importance of Resource Seasonality.
Parrish, Jeffrey David Sherry, Thomas W.
The Auk. JAN 01 1994 v 111 n 1 38

Autumn and Winter Movements and Sexual Segregation of Willow Ptarmigan.
Gruys, Rogier C.
Arctic. SEP 01 1993 v 46 n 3 228

Morphine administration or sexual segregation in infancy affect the response to the same drug in adult mice.
Laviola, Giovanni Terranova, Maria Livia Alleva, Enrico
Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita. 1993 v 29 n 3 431

Sexual Segregation in Squirrel Monkeys (Saimiri Sciureus): A Transactional Analysis of Adult Social Dynamics.
Lyons, David M.
Journal of comparative psychology. DEC 01 1992 v 106 n 4 323

Sexual segregation in infancy and bi-directional benzodiazepine effects on hot-plate response and neophobia in adult mice.
Laviola, G. Loggi, G.
Pharmacology, biochemistry and behavior. AUG 01 1992 v 42 n 4 865

Sexual Segregation in Alaskan Moose.
Wildlife monographs. JUL 01 1992 n 122

Sexual Segregation by Habitat in Migratory Warblers in Quintana Roo, Mexico.
Ornat, Arturo Lopez Greenberg, Russell
The Auk. JUL 01 1990 v 107 n 3 539

Sexual segregation in the left and right horns of the gerbil uterus: "the male embryo is usually on the right, the female on the left" (Hippocrates).
Clark, M.M. Galef Jr., B.G.
Developmental psychobiology. JAN 01 1990 v 23 n 1 29

Genetic segregation and the maintenance of sexual reproduction.
Kirkpatrick, M. Jenkins, C. D.
Nature. MAY 25 1989 v 339 n 6222 300

Habitat Segregation(22)@

Plant coexistence in coastal heaths: Habitat segregation in the post-fire environment.
Myerscough, P.J. Clarke, P.J. Skelton, N.J.
Australian journal of ecology. MAR 01 1996 v 21 n 1 47

Breeding Habitat Segregation of Wood Frogs and American Toads: The Role of Interspecific Tadpole Predation and Adult Choice.
Petranka, James W. Hopey, Mark E. Boone, Sarah J.
Copeia. AUG 17 1994 n 3 691

Segregation by humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) cows with a calf in coastal habitat near the island of Hawaii.
Smultea, Mari A.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien d MAY 01 1994 v 72 n 5 805

Habitat segregation of three sympatric fossorial rodents in the Spanish Pyrenees.
Borghi, C.E. Giannoni, Stella M. Martinez-Rica, J.P.
Zeitschrift fur Saugetierkunde. International j FEB 01 1994 v 59 n 1 52

Sexual habitat Segregation by Ameican Redstarts Wintering in Jamaica: Importance of Resource Seasonality.
Parrish, Jeffrey David Sherry, Thomas W.
The Auk. JAN 01 1994 v 111 n 1 38

Habitat segregation and the insular syndrome in two congeneric raptors in New Caledonia, the White-bellied Goshawk Accipiter haplochrous and the Brown Goshawk A. fasciatus.
Thiollay, Jean-Marc
The ibis. JUL 01 1993 v 135 n 3 237

Micro-habitat segregation and the mating system of Gammarus pulex.
Ward, P.I.
Animal behaviour. JAN 01 1993 v 45 p 1 191

The mating system of Gammarus pulex: a negligible role for micro-habitat segregation.
Dick, J.T.A. Elwood, R.W.
Animal behaviour. JAN 01 1993 v 45 p 1 188

Habitat Segregation of Elliptical Galaxies: Box-Shaped in Clusters while Disk-Shaped in the Field?
Shioya, Y. Taniguchi, Y.
Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japa 1993 v 45 n 3 L39

Habitat segregation by species of Metaphidippus (Araneae: Salticidae) in Minnesota.
Cutler, Bruce Jennings, Daniel T.
The Journal of arachnology. 1992 v 20 n 2 88

Habitat segregation by moose in a boreal forest ecotone.
Miller, B.K. Litvaitis, J.A.
Acta theriologica 1992 v 37 n 1 / 2 41

Habitat segregation by sex in the hooded warbler: experiments on proximate causation and discussion of its evolution.
Morton, Eugene S.
The american naturalist. MAR 01 1990 v 135 n 3 319

Winter habitat segregation in the sexually dimorphic Black-billed Capercaillie Tetrao urogalloides.
Andreev, A.V.
Ornis Scandinavica. JUL 01 1991 v 22 n 3 287

Refuge strategies and habitat segregation in two sympatric rodents Otomys unisulcatus and Parotomys brantsii.
Plessis, Du Kerley, G.I.H.
Journal of zoology : proceedings of the zoologi MAY 01 1991 v 224 p 1 1

Trophic interactions and habitat segregation between competing Daphnia species.
Leibold, M.A.
Oecologia. MAY 01 1991 v 86 n 4 510

Fitness and habitat segregation of British tree-hole mosquitoes.
Bradshaw, W.E. Holzapfel, C.M.
Ecological entomology. MAY 01 1991 v 16 n 2 133

Reproductive costs arising from incomplete habitat segregation among three species of Leucorrhinia dragonflies.
Singer, Fred
Behaviour. DEC 01 1990 v 115 n 3 / 4 188

Habitat Segregation Among Treehole Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Great Lakes Region of the United States.
Copeland, Robert S. Craig Jr., George B.
Annals. NOV 01 1990 v 83 n 6 1063

Sexual Segregation by Habitat in Migratory Warblers in Quintana Roo, Mexico.
Ornat, Arturo Lopez Greenberg, Russell
The Auk. JUL 01 1990 v 107 n 3 539

Habitat segregation among the age groups of Gasterosteus aculeatus (Pisces: Gasterosteidae) in the middle St. Lawrence estuary, Canada.
Picard, Jr., Paul Dobson, Julian J. FitzGerald, Gerard J.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien JUN 01 1990 v 68 n 6 1202

Contrasting patterns of body size for Daphnia species that segregate by habitat.
Leibold, M. Tessier, A.J.
Oecologia. MAY 01 1991 v 86 n 3 342

Ability of the Canadian grading system to segregate Canadian wheat by alpha-amylase levels.
Kruger, J. E. Babb, J.C. Morris, L.J.
Canadian journal of plant science. Revue canadi JAN 01 1989 v 69 n 1 39

Gene, DNA, Probe of Deer(27)@

Deer antler tissue contains two types of bone morphogenetic protein 4 mRNA transcripts.
Feng, J.Q. Chen, D. Harris, S.E.
Biochimica et biophysica acta. Gene structure a AUG 22 1995 v 1263 n 2 163

Expression of the prolactin receptor gene during the breeding and non-breeding seasons in red deer (Cervus elaphus): evidence for the expressin of two forms in the testis.
Clarke, I.A. Edery, M. Jabbour, H.N.
Journal of endocrinology. AUG 01 1995 v 146 n 2 313

A new gene mapping resource: interspecies hybrids between Pere David's deer (Elaphurus davidianus) and red deer (Cervus elaphus).
Tate, M. L. Mathias, H. C. Hill, D. F.
Genetics. MAR 01 1995 v 139 n 3 1383

The Genomes of the Animal Papillomaviruses. European Elk Papillomavirus, Deer Papillomavirus, and Reindeer Papillomavirus Contain a Novel Transforming Gene (E9) near the Early Polyadenylation Site.
Eriksson, Annika Stewart, Ann-Charlotte Pettersson, Ulf
Journal of virology. DEC 01 1994 v 68 n 12 8365

œNatal dispersal and gene flow in white-tailed deer in northeastern Minnesota.
Nelson, Michael E.
Journal of mammalogy. MAY 01 1993 v 74 n 2 316

Interspecies hybrids of deer- a ruminant resource for gene mapping and quantitative trait studies.
Tate, M.L. Manley, H.C. Emerson, B.C.
Proceedings of ... annual conference. 1992 v 52 137

Rapid neural growth: calcitonin gene-related peptide and substance P-containing nerves attain exceptional growth rates in regenerating deer antler.
Gray, C. Hukkanen, M. Konttinen, Y. T.
Neuroscience. 1992 v 50 n 4 953

Biological Properties of the Deer Papillomavirus E5 Gene in Mouse c127 Cells: Growth Transformation, Induction of DNA Synthesis, and Activation of the Platelet-Derived Growth Factor Receptor.
Kulke, Reinhard DiMaio, Daniel
Journal of virology. SEP 01 1991 v 65 n 9 4943

œLocalization of cloned, repetitive DNA sequences in deer species and its implications for maintenance of gene territory.
Scherthan, H. Arnason, U. Lima-de-Faria, A.
Hereditas. 1990 v 112 n 1 13

Errata: 1995. Mitochondrial DNA variation among populations and subspecies of mule deer in California. California Fish and Game 81:45-54.
Cronin, M.A. Bleich, V.C.
California fish and game. Fall 1995 v 81 n 4 170

Mitochondrial DNA Variation among Populations and Subspecies of Mule Deer in California.
Cronin, Matthew A. Bleich, Vernon C.
California fish and game. Sprg 1995 v 81 n 2 45

Differentiating Individuals And Populations Of Mule Deer Using DNA.
Travis, Steven E. Keim, Paul
The journal of wildlife management. OCT 01 1995 v 59 n 4 824

Mitochondrial DNA Polymorphism in Subspecies of the Japanese Sika Deer, Cervus nippon.
Tamate, H. B. Tsuchiya, T.
The journal of heredity. MAY 01 1995 v 86 n 3 211

Extensive mitochondrial-DNA differentiation among European Red deer (Cervus elaphus) populations: implications for conservation and management.
Hartl, G.B. Nadlinger, K. Markowski, J.
Zeitschrift fur Saugetierkunde. International j MAR 01 1995 v 60 n 1 41

A Tandemly Repetitive, Centromeric DNA Sequence from the Canadian Woodland Caribou (Rangifer Tarandus Caribou): Its Conservation and Evolution in Several Deer Species.
Lee, C. Ritchie, D. B. C. Lin, C. C.
Chromosome research : an international journal JUL 01 1994 v 2 n 4 293

Historical Biogeography and Contemporary Patterns of Mitochondrial DNA Variation in White-Tailed Deer from the Southeastern United States.
Ellsworth, Darrell L. Honeycutt, Rodney L. Silvy, Nova J.
Evolution. FEB 01 1994 v 48 n 1 122

DNA fingerprinting in roe deer using the digoxigenated probe(GTG)5.
Morsch, G. Leibenguth, F.
Animal genetics. 1994 v 25 n 1 25

Paratuberculosis in farmed deer:case reports and DNA characterization of isolates of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis.
de Lisle, Geoffrey W. Yates, Gary F. Collins, Desmond M.
Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation OCT 01 1993 v 5 n 4 567-571

DNA fingerprinting of the roe deer, Capreolus capreolus L.
Morsch, G. Leibenguth, F.
Comparative biochemistry and physiology. B, Co 1993 v 104 n 2 229

Allozyme and Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of a Hybrid Zone Between White-Tailed Deer and Mule Deer (Odocoileus) in West Texas.
Ballinger, Scott W. Blankenship, Lytle H. Bickham, John W.
Biochemical genetics. FEB 01 1992 v 30 n 1 / 2 1

The use of protein polymorphisms and DNA fingerprinting to solve complex pedigree problems in deer.
Tate, M.L. Dodds, K.G. McEwan, K.M.
Proceedings of ... annual conference. 1992 v 52 143

Biological Properties of the Deer Papillomavirus E5 Gene in Mouse c127 Cells: Growth Transformation, Induction of DNA Synthesis, and Activation of the Platelet-Derived Growth Factor Receptor.
Kulke, Reinhard DiMaio, Daniel
Journal of virology. SEP 01 1991 v 65 n 9 4943

Mitochondrial-DNA phylogeny of deer.
Cronin, Matthew A.
Journal of mammalogy. AUG 01 1991 v 72 n 3 553

A Visit To Sea Spring Salmon Farm: XX Chromosome Males (Oncorhynchus tshswacha), A DNA Probe and Fallow Deer (Cervus dama).
Hastings, W.H.
Aquaculture magazine. JUL 01 1991 v 17 n 4 46

œSpatial Heterogeneity of Mitochondrial DNA and Allozymes among Populations of White-Tailed Deer and Mule Deer.
Cronin, M.A. Nelson, M.E. Pac, D.F.
The journal of heredity. MAR 01 1991 v 82 n 2 118

Phylogeny and evolution of antlered deer determined from mitochondrial DNA sequences.
Miyamoto, Michael M. Kraus, Fred Ryder, Oliver A.
Proceedings. AUG 01 1990 v 87 n 16 6127

Localization of cloned, repetitive DNA sequences in deer species and its implications for maintenance of gene territory.
Scherthan, H. Arnason, U. Lima-de-Faria, A.
Hereditas. 1990 v 112 n 1 13

Variation in Deer(29)@

Variation in maternal investment in a small cervid; the effects of cohort, sex, litter size and time of birth in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) fawns.
Andersen, R. Linnell, J.D.C.
Oecologia. JAN 01 1997 v 109 n 1 74

Variation in cohort mandible size as an index of roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) densities and population trends.
Hewison, A.J.M. Vincent, J.P. Putman, R.J.
Journal of zoology : proceedings of the zoologi JUL 01 1996 v 239 p 3 573

Annual variation in body composition of roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) in moderate environmental conditions.
Hewison, A. J. M. Angibault, J. M. Sempere, A.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien d FEB 01 1996 v 74 n 2 245

Variation in Chemical and Physical Properties During Leaf Development in California Bay Tree (Umbellularia californica): Predictions Regarding Palatability for Deer.
Goralka, R.J.L. Schumaker, M.A. Langenheim, J.H.
Biochemical systematics and ecology. 1996 v 24 n 2 93

Implications of Foliar Monoterpenoid Variation among Ontogenetic Stages of the California Bay Tree (Umbellularia californica) for Deer Herbivory.
Goralka, R.J.L Lsangenheim, J.H.
Biochemical systematics and ecology. 1996 v 24 n 1 13

Errata: 1995. Mitochondrial DNA variation among populations and subspecies of mule deer in California. California Fish and Game 81:45-54.
Cronin, M.A. Bleich, V.C.
California fish and game. Fall 1995 v 81 n 4 170

Mitochondrial DNA Variation among Populations and Subspecies of Mule Deer in California.
Cronin, Matthew A. Bleich, Vernon C.
California fish and game. Sprg 1995 v 81 n 2 45

Annual variation in white-tailed deer damage in commercial nurseries.
Conover, M.R. Kania, G.S.
Agriculture, ecosystems & environment. OCT 01 1995 v 55 n 3 213

Isozyme variation in roe deer in relation to their population history in Britain.
Hewison, A.J.M.
Journal of zoology : proceedings of the zoologi FEB 01 1995 v 235 p 2 279

Variation in gastrointestinal characteristics of male and female white-tailed deer: implications for resource partitioning.
Jenks, Jonathan A. Leslir, David M. Melchiors, M. Anthony
Journal of mammalogy. NOV 01 1994 v 75 n 4 1045

White-Tailed Deer Restoration to the Southeastern United States: Evaluating Genetic Variation.
Ellsworth, Darrell L. Honeycutt, Rodney L. Klimstra, Willard D.
The journal of wildlife management. OCT 01 1994 v 58 n 4 686

Historical Biogeography and Contemporary Patterns of Mitochondrial DNA Variation in White-Tailed Deer from the Southeastern United States.
Ellsworth, Darrell L. Honeycutt, Rodney L. Silvy, Nova J.
Evolution. FEB 01 1994 v 48 n 1 122

Fecal And Rumen Analyses In Relation To Temporal Variation In Black-Tailed Deer Diets.
Lewis, Stephen W.
The journal of wildlife management. JAN 01 1994 v 58 n 1 53

Morphological Variation in White-Tailed Deer from Illinois.
Levengood, Jeffrey M. Woolf, Alan Roseberry, John L.
Transactions of the illinois state academy of sc 1994 v 87 n 3 / 4 175

Variation in Black-Tailed Deer Herd Composition Counts.
McCullough, Dale R.
The Journal of wildlife management. OCT 01 1993 v 57 n 4 890

Lack of genetic transferrin variation in European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus Linne).
Herzog, S. Mushovel, Christine Herzog, A.
Zeitschrift fur Saugetierkunde. International j JUN 01 1993 v 58 n 3 155

Seasonal variation of LH and testosterone in the smallest deer, the pudu (Pudupuda Molina) and its relationship to the antler cycle.
Reyes, E. Munoz, P. Recabarren, S.
Comparative biochemistry and physiology. a: co 1993 v 106 n 4 683

Breeding strategies and genetic variation in European roe deer Capreolus capreolus populations.
Kurt, F. Hartl, G.B. Volk, F.
Acta theriologica 1993 v 38 supp2 187

Deer Habitat Relationships and Management in The Northern Rocky Mountains and Great Plains.
Mackie, Richard J. Dusek, Gary L.
Western wildlands. Sprg 1992 v 18 n 1 14The northern Rocky Mountains and Great Plains contain a broad spectrum of deer habitat, variable in both space and time. Deer adapt generally and continuously to this variation, using a wide range of behavioral and biological strategies.

Seasonal Variation in Venison Quality of Mature, Farmed Red Deer Stags in New Zealand.
Stevenson, J.M.
Journal of animal science. MAY 01 1992 v 70 n 5 1389

Seasonal variation in body composition of European roe deer.
Holand, Oystein
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien d MAR 01 1992 v 70 n 3 502

Lack of biochemical-genetic variation in native Sika deer (Cervus nippon hortulorum) from the far east of the Asian continent.
Markov, G. Danilkin, A. Hartl, G.B.
Zeitschrift fur Saugetierkunde : im Auftrage de MAR 01 1992 v 57 n 2 118

Adaptive variation in sex ratios of offspring in nutritionally stressed mule deer.
Kucera, Thomas E.
Journal of mammalogy. NOV 01 1991 v 72 n 4 745

Variation in Serum a-Tocopherol, Retinol, Cholesterol, and Selenium of Free-Ranging Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus).
Dierenfeld, Ellen S. Jessup, David A.
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official DEC 01 1990 v 21 n 4 425

Geographic variation, asymmetry, and sexual dimorphism of nonmetric characters in the deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus).
McLellan, Laura J. Finnegan, Michael
Journal of mammalogy. NOV 01 1990 v 71 n 4 524

œVariation in foraging behaviour in red deer and the consequences for population demography
Illius, A.W. Gordon, I.J.
The Journal of animal ecology. FEB 01 1990 v 59 n 1 89

œVariation in Mating Systems of Fallow Deer (Dama dama) in Relation to Ecology.
Langbein, Jochen Thirgood, Simon J.
Ethology. NOV 01 1989 v 83 n 3 195

Genetic Variation and Heterozygosity in White-tailed deer in Southern Arkansas.
Karlin, Alvan A. Heidt, Gary A. Sugg, Derrick W.
The American midland naturalist. APR 01 1989 v 121 n 2 273

œGenetic Variation and Juvenile Survival in Red Deer.
Pemberton, J. M.
Evolution. SEP 01 1988 v 42 n 5 921

Deer Morphology(5)@

Comparative rumen morphology of sympatric sika deer (Cervus nippon) and red deer (C. elaphus scoticus) in the Ahimanawa and Kaweka Ranges, central North Island, New Zealand.
Fraser, K.W.
Oecologia. FEB 01 1996 v 105 n 2 160

Light Microscopic Studies of the Stomach of the Lesser Mouse Deer (Tragulus javanicus).
Agungpriyono, Srihadi Yamada, Junzo Yamashita, Tadayuki
European journal of morphology. JAN 01 1995 v 33 n 1 59

œAntler growth and morphology in a feral sika deer (Cervus nippon) population in Killarney, Ireland.
Hayden, T.J. Lynch, J.M. O'Corry-Crowe, G.
Journal of zoology : proceedings of the zoologi JAN 01 1994 v 232 p 1 21

Carrier erythrocytes from white-tailed deer: morphology, osmotic fragility and survival of circulating sickled erythrocytes.
DeLoach, J. R. Andrews, K. Droleskey, R. E.
Research in veterinary science. MAR 01 1993 v 54 n 2 227

Morphology, prevalence, and distribution of Sarcocystis spp. in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) from Florida.
Atkinson, Carter T. Wright, Scott D. Telford Jr., Sam R.
Journal of wildlife diseases. JAN 01 1993 v 29 n 1 73

Deer Skull(2)@

Phenotypic Plasticity in Skull and Dental Morphology in the Prairie Deer Mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus bairdii).
Myers, Philip Lundrigan, Barbara L. Zelditch, Miriam L.
Journal of morphology. AUG 01 1996 v 229 n 2 229

Skull Biometry of Spanish Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus).
Fandos, P.
Folia zoologica. 1994 v 43 n 1 11

Deer Stomach(4)@

The Stomach of the Samba Deer (Cervus unicolor unicolor).
Stafford, K.J.
Anatomia, histologia, embryologia. DEC 01 1995 v 24 n 4 241

Light Microscopic Studies of the Stomach of the Lesser Mouse Deer (Tragulus javanicus).
Agungpriyono, Srihadi Yamada, Junzo Yamashita, Tadayuki
European journal of morphology. JAN 01 1995 v 33 n 1 59

Morphological study on the stomach of the lesser mouse deer (Tragulus javanicus) with special reference to the internal surface.
Agungpriyono, S. Yamamoto, Y. Kitamura, N.
Journal of veterinary medical science. DEC 01 1992 v 54 n 6 1063

Concerted evolution of ruminant stomach lysozymes. characterization of lysozyme cDNA clones from sheep and deer.
Irwin, David M. Wilson, Allan C.
The Journal of biological chemistry. MAR 25 1990 v 265 n 9 4944

Gall Stone(1)@

Annual cyclicity of gall stone prevalence in deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus gambelii).
Schwab, Robert G. Theis, Jerold H.
Journal of wildlife diseases. OCT 01 1989 v 25 n 4 462

Hair / Deer(1)@

Hormones and Hair Growth: Variations in Androgen Receptor Content of Dermal Papilla Cells Cultured from Human and Red Deer (Cervus Elaphus) Hair Follicles.
Randall, Valerie Anne Thornton, Margaret Julie Messenger, Andrew Guy
The Journal of investigative dermatology. JUL 01 1993 v 101 n 1 supp 114S

Hair / Microscopic(8)@

Acquired Pili Torti--A Structural Hair Shaft Defect in Anorexia Nervosa.
Lurie, Raziel Danziger, Yardena Mimouni, Marc
Cutis. MAR 01 1996 v 57 n 3 151
Summary: The hair of seventeen girls aged 13 to 19 years with anorexia nervosa was studied and compared with the hair of fifteen healthy girls aged 13 to 18 years with no complaints of hair loss but with similar habits of hairstyling and care.Light microscopic examination of the hair revealed no defect in the control group. In the anorexia nervosa group, fourteen patients (82.3 percent) had pili torti,an acquired hair shaft this disease. The authors estimate that the hair defect was due to malnutrition combined with ingestion of exaggerated amounts of yellow vegetables and vitamin supplements, causing a significant increase in levels of serum carotene, retinyl esters, retinol, and retinoic acid. The authors suggest a possible link between excess vitamin A and pili torti in patients with anorexia nervosa.

Atomic Force Microscopy of Human Hair Cuticles: A Microscopic Study of Environmental Effects on Hair Morphology.
O'Connor, Stephen D. Komisarek, Kimberly L. Baldeschweiler, John D.
The Journal of investigative dermatology. JUL 01 1995 v 105 n 1 96

Structure and function of melanocytes: Microscopic morphology and cell biology of mouse melanocytes in the epidermis and hair follicle.
Hirobe, T.
Histology and histopathology. 1995 v 10 n 1 223

A Scanning Electron-Microscopic Analysis of the Morphology of Equine Lower Lip Sinus Hair.
von Rotz, A. Friess, A.E.
Acta anatomica. 1995 v 154 n 3 196

Scanning Electron Microscopic Study on Collagen Fibrils in the Mink Dermis during the Hair Cycle.
Pak, J.I. Nakamura, F. Kondo, K.
Animal science and technology DEC 01 1994 v 65 n 12 1111

Giant Axonal Degeneration: Scanning Electron Microscopic and Biochemical Study of Scalp Hair.
Lycklama a Nijeholt, J. Koerten, H.K. de Wolff, F. A.
Dermatology. 1994 v 188 n 4 258

Hair cell damage after continuous and interrupted puretone overstimulation: a scanning electron microscopic study in the guinea pig.
Fredelius, L. Wersall, J.
Hearing research. OCT 01 1992 v 62 n 2 194

Loose Anagen Hair as a Cause of Hereditary Hair Loss in Children.
Baden, Howard P. Kvedar, Joseph C. Magro, Cynthia M.
Archives of dermatology. OCT 01 1992 v 128 n 10 1349

Deer Population(60)@

Failure of the tooth cementum aging technique with reduced population density of deer.
McCullough, Dale R.
Wildlife society bulletin Wint 1996 v 24 n 4 722

Changes in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus L.) population density in response to forest habitat succession.
Gill, R. M. A. Johnson, A. L. Peace, A. J.
Forest ecology and management. NOV 01 1996 v 88 n 1 / 2 31

The population modelling of fallow deer and wild boar in a Mediterranean ecosystem.
Focardi, S. Toso, S. Pecchioli, E.
Forest ecology and management. NOV 01 1996 v 88 n 1 / 2 7

Population Viability Analysis for Two Isolated Populations of Haianan Eld's Deer.
Song, Yan-Ling
Conservation biology : the journal of the socie OCT 01 1996 v 10 n 5 1467

Population ecology of Cirsium pitcheri on Lake Huron sand dunes I. Impact of white-tailed deer.
Phillips, Tracy Maun, M. A.
Canadian journal of botany. Journal canadien de SEP 01 1996 v 74 n 9 1439

Variation in cohort mandible size as an index of roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) densities and population trends.
Hewison, A.J.M. Vincent, J.P. Putman, R.J.
Journal of zoology : proceedings of the zoologi JUL 01 1996 v 239 p 3 573

Relative roles of density-dependent and density-independent factors in population dynamics of British deer.
Putman, R.J. Langbein, J. Sharma, S.K.
Mammal review. JUN 01 1996 v 26 n 2 / 3 81

Sika Deer in Scotland: Density, Population Size, Habitat Use and Fertility - Some Comparisons with Red Deer.
Chadwick, A. H. Ratcliffe, P. R. Abenethy, K.
Scottish forestry. JAN 01 1996 v 50 n 1 8

Marsh deer Blastocerus dichotomus population estimate in the Parana River, Brazil.
Pinder, L.
Biological conservation. 1996 v 75 n 1 87

Modeling white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus population control by contraception.
Seagle, S.W. Close, J.D.
Biological conservation. 1996 v 76 n 1 87

Using Spotlight Counts to Estimate Mule Deer Population Size and Trends.
Kie, John G. Boroski, Brian B.
California fish and game. Sprg 1995 v 81 n 2 55

Monitoring the density of a roe deer Capreolus capreolus population subjected to heavy hunting pressure.
McIntosh, R. Burlton, F.W.E. McReddie, G.
Forest ecology and management. NOV 01 1995 v 79 n 1 / 2 99

Isozyme variation in roe deer in relation to their population history in Britain.
Hewison, A.J.M.
Journal of zoology : proceedings of the zoologi FEB 01 1995 v 235 p 2 279

Feeding ecology of a population of Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus (L.)) introduced in a mediterranean habitat.
Guilhem, C. Bideau, E. Mechkour, F.
Revue d'ecologie. JAN 01 1995 v 50 n 1 69

An epizootic of hemorrhagic disease in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in Missouri: Necropsy findings and population impact.
Fischer, John R. Hansen, Lonnie P. Gosser, Harvey S.
Journal of wildlife diseases. JAN 01 1995 v 31 n 1 30

The specificity of the single cervical intradermal tuberculosis test in a population of Tasmanian fallow deer putatively free of bovine tuberculosis.
Witt, D.J. Lloyd-Webb, E.C. Campbell, P.H.
Preventive veterinary medicine. JAN 01 1995 v 21 n 4 347

Sr in Antlers and Bone of a Danish Roe Deer Population.
Strandberg, M. Strandgaard, H.
Journal of environmental radioactivity. 1995 v 27 n 1 65

Deer, Deer Everywhere.
U.S. news & world report. NOV 21 1994 v 117 n 20 85
Summary: A population boom takes its toll on towns and forests.

Whitetails: What Will Happen To The Herd?
Caruso, Vince
Mississippi outdoors. NOV 01 1994 v 57 n 6 20
Summary: Biologists and others are concerned about the critically high level of the state's deer herd and how this is adversely affecting the population in many areas. They aren't mincing words: Hunters and others must come to grips with harvesting as many antlerless deer as bucks--or else.

Gleanings.
The av magazine. OCT 01 1994 v 102 n 9 20 Summary Contraception program implemented to control deer population.

More Bang For The Buck.
Caruso, Vince
Mississippi outdoors. MAY 01 1994 v 57 n 3 24
Summary: A population explosion of deer in Mississippi is a hunter's dream but a possible nightmare of biologists. Here's an in-depth look at why state hunters must understand and practice either-sex deer harvest.

Habitat use and ranging behaviour of a high-density population of Spanish red deer in a fenced intensively managed area.
Lazo, A.
Applied animal behaviour science. APR 01 1994 v 40 n 1 55

Effect of trace elements on population dynamics: selenium deficiency in free-ranging black-tailed deer.
Flueck, Werner T.
Ecology. APR 01 1994 v 75 n 3 807

The Winter Of Our Discontent.
Madson, Chris
Wyoming wildlife. FEB 01 1994 v 58 n 2 38
Summary: Everyone would like to see Wyoming's deer population ride a constant peak. Unfortunately, Wyoming's winters intervene. For deer, last winter was one of the worst in recent memory.

Influence of Mustelid Semiochemicals on Population Dynamics of the Deer Mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus).
Zimmerling, Linda M. Sullivan, Thomas P.
Journal of chemical ecology. MAR 01 1994 v 20 n 3 667

Effects Of Root Plowing On White-Tailed Deer Condition, Population Status, and Diet.
Ruthven III, Donald C. Hellgren, Eric C. Beasom, Samuel L.
The journal of wildlife management. JAN 01 1994 v 58 n 1 59

œAntler growth and morphology in a feral sika deer (Cervus nippon) population in Killarney, Ireland.
Hayden, T.J. Lynch, J.M. O'Corry-Crowe, G.
Journal of zoology : proceedings of the zoologi JAN 01 1994 v 232 p 1 21

Bowhunting Stabilizes a New Jersey White-Tailed Deer Population.
Wolgast, Leonard J. Kuser, John E.
Bulletin of the new jersey academy of science. Sprg 1993 v 38 n 1 7

Relationship Between Population Density of White-Tailed Deer and the Density of Understory Trees in Forests of Erie County, PA.
Bowles, Gary H. Campbell, John M.
Journal of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science. DEC 01 1993 v 67 n 3 109

Effects of Grazing by White-Tailed Deer on a Population of lithospermum caroliniese at Presque Isle.
Campbell, John M.
Journal of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science. DEC 01 1993 v 67 n 3 103

Residential Attitudes and Perceptions Toward a Suburban Deer Population in Southern Illinois.
Cornicelli, Louis Woolf, Alan Roseberry, John
Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Sc 1993 v 86 n 1 / 2 23

Effects of age and body weight on the proportion of females breeding in a population of roe deer (Capreolus caprolus).
Gaillard, Jean-Michel Sempere, Antoine J. Boiutin, Jean-Marie
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien d AUG 01 1992 v 70 n 8 1541

Winterizing: The Bambi Hazard.
Heavy duty trucking. AUG 01 1992 v 71 n 8 56
Summary: Insurers warn tha most drivers err when stqaring down headlight-frozen deer. Coupled with this year's surging deer population, potential losses are staggering. But there are strategies for minimizing damage.

œDo Pellet Counts Index White-Tailed Deer Numbers And Population Change?
Fuller, Todd K.
The Journal of wildlife management. JUL 01 1991 v 55 n 3 393

Do Pellet Counts Index White-Tailed Deer Numbers and Population Change?: A Reply.
Fuller, Todd K.
The journal of wildlife management. JUL 01 1992 v 56 n 3 613

Do Pellet Counts Index White-Tailed Deer Numbers and Population Change?: A Comment.
White, Gary C.
The journal of wildlife management. JUL 01 1992 v 56 n 3 611

œSpatial integration of maturing-male white-tailed deer into the adult population.
Holzenbein, Stefan Marchinton, Larry
Journal of mammalogy. MAY 01 1992 v 73 n 2 326

Compensatory Mortality in a Colorado Mule Deer Population.
Bartmann, Richard M. White, Gary C. Carpenter, Len H.
Wildlife monographs. JAN 01 1992 n 121 1

Quality Bucks. South Dakota's deer population, both East and West River, contains a surprisingly high percentage of older bucks.
Rice, Les
South Dakota conservation digest. 1992 v 59 n 5 8

Antibodies to bluetongue and epizoctic hemorrhagic disease viruses in a barrier island white-tailed deer population.
Stallknecht, David E. Kellogg, M. Lisa Blue, J.L.
Journal of wildlife diseases. OCT 01 1991 v 27 n 4 668

Herd on the Street.
Kisner, Kathleen
Insurance review. AUG 01 1991 v 52 n 8 32
Summary: The deer population has doubled or tripled in many states over the past decade. Cars strike more than half a million deer every year, resulting in thousands of injuries to motorists.

œTime Lags And Population Fluctuations In White-Tailed Deer.
Fryxell, John M. Hussell, David J.T. Lambert, Anne B.
The Journal of wildlife management. JUL 01 1991 v 55 n 3 377

Density cycles in an island population of deer mice, Peromyscus maniculatus.
Drost, C.A. Fellers, G.M.
Oikos; acta oecologica scandinavica. APR 01 1991 v 60 n 3 351

Territory Boundary Avoidance as a Stabilizing Factor in Wolf-Deer Interactions.
Taylor, Robert J. Pekins, Peter J.
Theoretical population biology. APR 01 1991 v 39 n 2 115

Catch-effort estimation of white-tailed deer population size.
Novak, James M. Scribner, Kim T. Dupont, William D.
The journal of wildlife management. JAN 01 1991 v 55 n 1 31

Aspects of the epizootiology of Paraelaphostrongylus tenuis in a White-Tailed Deer population.
Peterson, William J. Lankester, Murray W.
Alces. 1991 v 27 183

œBehavior in an Introduced Population of Fallow Deer during the Rut.
Buschhaus, Nancy L. LaGory, Kirk E. Taylor, Douglas H.
The American midland naturalist. OCT 01 1990 v 124 n 2 318

Influence of Forest Herbicide on Deer Mouse and Oregon Vole Population Dynamics.
Sullivan, Thomas P.
The journal of wildlife management. OCT 01 1990 v 54 n 4 566

Indexing the Annual Fat Cycle in a Mule Deer Population.
Anderson, Allen E. Bowden, David C. Medin, Dean E.
The journal of wildlife management. OCT 01 1990 v 54 n 4 550

œDynamics of a Declining White-Tailed Deer Population in North-Central Minnesota.
Fuller, Todd K.
Wildlife monographs. JUL 01 1990 n 110 1

œFailure of White-tailed Deer, Odocoileus virginianus L., to Sustain a Population of Cattle Ticks, Boophilus annulatus Thourgh Successive Generations.
Davey, Ronald B.
The journal of parasitology. JUN 01 1990 v 76 n 3 356

Responsiveness of Deer Mice to a predator, the short-tailed Weasel: Population differences and neuromodulatory mechanisms.
Kavaliers, Martin
Physiological zoology. MAR 01 1990 v 63 n 2 388

Variation in foraging behaviour in red deer and the consequences for population demography
Illius, A.W. Gordon, I.J.
The Journal of animal ecology. FEB 01 1990 v 59 n 1 89

Soldiers of Peace.
Junkin, Elizabeth Darby
Buzzworm. Fall 1989 v 1 n 5 46
Summary: Evidenced by a spectacular population of deer, the natural world reclaims an area in which man has created the deadly tools of war: The Rocky Mountain Arsenal.

Red Deer Population Shifts.
Hart-Davis, Duff
Country life. DEC 28 1989 v 183 n 52 36

White-Tailed Deer in Iowa - Farmers' Reactions to the Increasing Population.
Gladfelter, Lee
Iowa conservationist. NOV 01 1989 v 48 n 11 3
Summary: Often, with increased deer population comes increased crop damage? Results of a recent survey may surprise you.

Population responses of Black-tailed Deer to prescribed burning.
Klinger, Robert C. Kutilek, Michael J. Shelhammer, Howard S.
The journal of wildlife management. OCT 01 1989 v 53 n 4 863

Population Ecology of White-tailed Deer Along the Lower Yellowstone River.
Dusek, Gary L. Mackie, Richard J. Herriges, James D. Jr.
Wildlife monographs. OCT 01 1989 n 104

Missouri's Deer Herd--Problems and Solutions: Deer damage increases with population and conditions; hunting helps solve the problem.
Beringer, Jeff
Missouri conservationist. AUG 01 1989 v 50 n 8 28

Serological evidence of bovine herpesvirus 1-related virus infection in the white-tailed deer population on Anticosti Island, Quebec.
Lamontagne, Lucie Sadi, Leila Joyal, Robert
Journal of wildlife diseases. APR 01 1989 v 25 n 2 202

Deer Ratio(3) (moose,caribou 0)@

White-tailed deer vary offspring sex-ratio according to maternal condition and age.
Burke, R.L. Birch, J.M.
Ecological research. DEC 01 1995 v 10 n 3 351

Culling regimes and sex ratio biases in Highland red deer.
Lonergan, M.E. Clutton-Brock, T.H.
The Journal of applied ecology. 1994 v 31 n 3 521

Changing the sex ratio at birth in lambs, calves and deer. Implications for productivity and genetic gain in breeding flocks and herds in New Zealand.
McMillan, W.H.
Proceedings of ... annual conference (new zealan 1993 v 53 259

Population Crash(6) (Deer Crash 0)@

Selection for foraging efficiency during a population crash in Soay sheep.
Illius, A. W. Albon, S. D. Clutton-Brock, T. H.
The Journal of animal ecology. JUL 01 1995 v 64 n 4 481

Unstable social structure associated with a population crash in the Tasmanian native hen, Tribonyx mortierii.
Goldizen, A.W. Goldizen, A.R. Devlin, T.
Animal behaviour. NOV 01 1993 v 46 p 5 1013

The role of nematode parasites in Soay sheep (Ovis aries L.) mortality during a population crash.
Gulland, F.M.D.
Parasitology. DEC 01 1992 v 105 n 3 493

Population biology of marine iguanas (Amblyrhyncus cristatus). II. Changes in annual survival rates and the effects of size, sex, age and fecundity in a population crash.
Laurie, W. A.
The Journal of animal ecology. JUN 01 1990 v 59 n 2 529

Population biology of marine iguanas (Amblyrhynchus cristatus). I. Changes in fecundity related to a population crash.
Laurie, W. A.
The Journal of animal ecology. JUN 01 1990 v 59 n 2 515

Demography during a population crash of the wood lemming, Myopus schisticolor.
Boundrup-Nielsen, Soren Ims, Rolf Anker
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien NOV 01 1988 v 66 n 11 2442

Damage, Deer(17)@

The Grandmother Effect.
Winner, Cherie
Wyoming wildlife. MAR 01 1996 v 60 n 3 10
Summary: Research on white-tailed deer in the upper Midwest has turned up evidence of long-term problems caused by starvation. Is the damage caused by a hard winter passed from one generation of deer to another?

Damage to coppice regrowth by muntjac deer Muntiacus reevesi and protection with electric fencing.
Cooke, A.S. Lakhani, K.H.
Biological conservation. 1996 v 75 n 3 231

Annual variation in white-tailed deer damage in commercial nurseries.
Conover, M.R. Kania, G.S.
Agriculture, ecosystems & environment. OCT 01 1995 v 55 n 3 213

Use of dogs to reduce damage by deer to a white pine plantation.
Beringer, Jeff Hansen, Lonnie P. Heinen, Rosemary A.
Wildlife society bulletin Wint 1994 v 22 n 4 627

Max-Flex fast Fence tm Evaluated for Reducing Deer Damage.
Highlights of agricultural research. Sprg 1994 v 41 n 1 13

Crop damage by deer at Gettysburg Park.
Vecellio, Gary M. Yahner, Richard H. Storm, Gerald L.
Wildlife society bulletin Sprg 1994 v 22 n 1 89

Guess Who's Coming to Dinner?
Geistlinger, Lee
American nurseryman. AUG 01 1994 v 180 n 3 48
Summary: Preventing deer damage is a pressing concern in the industry. Here's an overview of some recent research in the field

Guess who's coming for dinner?
Colorado rancher and farmer. OCT 01 1991 v 45 n 10 22
Summary: Deer damage to the Gerks' cornfield will cost them about $3,300--unless the state will help pay.

Deer Damage in Coppice Woodlands: An Analysis of Factors Affecting the Severity of Damage and Options for Management.
Putman, R.J.
Quarterly journal of forestry. JAN 01 1994 v 88 n 1 45

Factors affecting severity of deer browsing damage within coppiced woodlands in the south of England.
Kay, S.
Biological conservation. 1993 v 63 n 3 217

Winterizing: The Bambi Hazard.
Heavy duty trucking. AUG 01 1992 v 71 n 8 56
Summary: Insurers warn tha most drivers err when stqaring down headlight-frozen deer. Coupled with this year's surging deer population, potential losses are staggering. But there are strategies for minimizing damage.

Deer Damage to Landscape Plants in New York State: Perceptions of Nursery Producers, Landscape Firms, and Homeowners.
Sayre, R.W. Decker, D.J. Good, G.L.
Journal of environmental horticulture. MAR 01 1992 v 10 n 1 46

Relative Effectiveness of Repellents for Reducing Mule Deer Damage.
Andelt, William F. Burnham, Kenneth P. Manning, Jan A.
The journal of wildlife management. APR 01 1991 v 55 n 2 341

Reducing deer damage to yews and apple trees: testing Big Game Repellent, Ropel and soap as repellents.
Swihart, Robert K. Conover, Michael R.
Wildlife society bulletin. Sumr 1990 v 18 n 2 156

"In My Experience..." Review of a program to alleviate localized deer damage.
Erickson, David W. Giessman, Norbert F.
Wildlife society bulletin. Wint 1990 v 17 n 4 544

White-Tailed Deer in Iowa - Farmers' Reactions to the Increasing Population.
Gladfelter, Lee
Iowa conservationist. NOV 01 1989 v 48 n 11 3
Summary: Often, with increased deer population comes increased crop damage? Results of a recent survey may surprise you.

Missouri's Deer Herd--Problems and Solutions: Deer damage increases with population and conditions; hunting helps solve the problem.
Beringer, Jeff
Missouri conservationist. AUG 01 1989 v 50 n 8 28

Damage, Moose(4)@

Damage caused by moose (Alces alces L.) by bark stripping of Picea abies.
Randveer, T. Heikkila, R.
Scandinavian journal of forest research. 1996 v 11 n 2 153

A reexamination of moose damage to balsam fir-white birch forests in central Newfoundland : 27 years later.
Thompson, Ian D. Curran, William J.
Canadian journal of forest research = Journal c JUL 01 1993 v 23 n 7 1388

Growth response of young Scots pines to artificial shoot breaking simulating moose damage.
Heikkila, R. Loyttyniemi, K.
Silva fennica. [new ser.] 1992 v 26 n 1 19

The effect of stand density on moose damage in young Pinus sylvestris.
Lyly, Olavi Saksa, Timo
Scandinavian journal of forest research. 1992 v 7 n 3 393

Damage, Caribou (0)

Deer Island(19) / Angel Island(5)@

Age-sex differences in the diets of Sika deer on Kinkazan Island, northern Japan.
Padmalal, U.K.G.K. Takatsuki, S.
Ecological research. DEC 01 1994 v 9 n 3 251

A mass-mortality of Sika deer on Kinkazan Island, northern Japan.
Takatsuki, S. Suzuki, K. Suzuki, I.
Ecological research. AUG 01 1994 v 9 n 2 215

Effects of Sika deer on the regeneration of a Fagus crenata forest on Kinkazan Island, northern Japan.
Takatsuki, S. Gorai, T.
Ecological research. AUG 01 1994 v 9 n 2 115

Apparent demographic changes in black-tailed deer associated with wolf control on northern Vancouver Island.
Hatter, Ian W. Janz, Doug W.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien d MAY 01 1994 v 72 n 5 878

137Cs Levels in Deer Following the Three Mile Island Accident.
Field, R. William
Health physics : official journal of the Health JUN 01 1993 v 64 n 6 671

Application of a double-count aerial survey technique for White-tailed Deer, Odocoileus virginianus, on Anticosti Island, Quebec.
Potvin, Francois Breton, Laurier Rivest, Louis-Paul
The Canadian field-naturalist. OCT 01 1992 v 106 n 4 435

Antibodies to vesicular stomatitis New Jersey type virus in white-tailed deer on Ossabaw Island, Georgia, 1985 to 1989.
Fletcher, W.O. Stallknecht, D.E. Kearney, M.T.
Journal of wildlife diseases. OCT 01 1991 v 27 n 4

Antibodies to bluetongue and epizoctic hemorrhagic disease viruses in a barrier island white-tailed deer population.
Stallknecht, David E. Kellogg, M. Lisa Blue, J.L.
Journal of wildlife diseases. OCT 01 1991 v 27 n 4 668

Serologic survey of white-tailed deer on Anticosti Island, Quebec for bovine herpes virus 1, bovine viral diarrhea, and parainfluenza 3.
Sadi, Leida Joyal, Robert St.-Georges, Mario
Journal of wildlife diseases. OCT 01 1991 v 27 n 4 569

Monitoring the impacts of deer on vegetation condition of Secretary Island, Fiordland National Park, New Zealand: a clear case for deer control and ecological restoration.
Baylis, Mark A.F. Dickinson, K.J.M.
Journal. MAR 01 1991 v 21 n 1 43
Summary: Keywords: vegetation monitoring, red deer, browsing, ecological restoration, Fiorland National Park, New Zealand rainforest.

œNiche differences between male and female white-tailed deer on Ossabaw Island, Georgia.
LaGory, K.E. Bagshaw III, C. Brisbin Jr., I.L.
Applied animal behaviour science. FEB 01 1991 v 29 n 1 / 4 205

Effects of deer browsing on the early stage of pyrogenic succession on Miyajima Island, southwestern Japan.
Okuda, T. Nakane, K.
Ecological research. DEC 01 1990 v 5 n 3 353

Demon Deer Dreams.
Skeffington, Peter J.
Bowhunting world. AUG 01 1990 v 39 n 4 66
Summary: He'd gone 14 years without tagging of one those wary, people practiced Rhode Island Bucks. Now no buck alive could keep him from getting a shot.

Summer dietary compositions of Sika deer on Yakushima Island, souther Japan.
Takatsuki, S.
Ecological research. AUG 01 1990 v 5 n 2 253

Seasonal Habitat Use By Sitka Black-Tailed Deer On Admiralty Island, Alaska.
Schoen, John W. Kirchhof, Matthew D.
The journal of wildlife management. JUL 01 1990 v 54 n 3 371

Helminth parasites of intermingling axis deer, wild swine and domestic cattle from the island of Molokai, Hawaii.
McKenzie, M. Elizabeth Davidson, William R.
Journal of wildlife diseases. APR 01 1989 v 25 n 2 252

Serological evidence of bovine herpesvirus 1-related virus infection in the white-tailed deer population on Anticosti Island, Quebec.
Lamontagne, Lucie Sadi, Leila Joyal, Robert
Journal of wildlife diseases. APR 01 1989 v 25 n 2 202

The Impact of White-tailed Deer Odocoileus virginianus on Regeneration in the Coastal Forests of Stewart Island, New Zealand.
Stewart, G.H. Burrows, L.E.
Biological conservation. 1989 v 49 n 4 275

Use of a net gun for capturing White-tailed Deer, odocoileus virginianus, on Anticosti Island, Quebec.
Potvin, Francois
The Canadian field-naturalist. OCT 01 1988 v 102 n 4 697

Angel Island(5)@

PHS Chronicles
Lucaccini, Luigi F.
Public health reports. JAN 01 1996 v 111 n 1 92
Summary: The Public Health Service on Angel Island.

Voices from the Past: "Second-Class on Angel Island: Immigrant Hell.
Farris, Glenn
The Californians : the magazine of California h 1995 v 12 n 4 6
Summary: The adventurous Frenchman Jean Gontard, a scholar of world travel, set out in 1914 with his wife Bertha to discover what sort of reception was in store at Angel Island for "the simple mortal who comes to the United States to make his way an

An Epic of Chinese immigrants to the US written in blood and tears -- on Poetry and history of Chinese immigrants on angel Island.
Guan, Lin
Chi-nan hsueh pao. Che hsueh she hui ko hsueh APR 01 1992 v 14 n 2 30
Summary: TEXT IN CHINESE

Angel Island: The Half-Closed Door.
McGinty, Brian
American history illustrated. SEP 01 1990 v 25 n 4 50
Summary: For the Chinese detained there, this West Coast counterpart to Ellis Island was more an "island of tears" than an "island of hope."

Comparative Use of Eucalyptus Versus Native Vegetation by Wildlife on Angel Island State Park, California.
Keane, John J. Morrison, Michael L.
Transactions of the Western Section of the Wildl 1990 v 26 44

Caribou(218) @

Effect of Insect Harassment on the Behaviour of the Riviere George Caribou.
Toupin, Brigitte Huot, Jean Manseau, Micheline
Arctic. DEC 01 1996 v 49 n 4 375

GEC shows off ECR 90 radar.
Flight international. OCT 02 1996 v 150 n 4543 18
Summary: IPTN finds partners for RAAF Caribou bid

Winter Foraging Ecology of Woodland Caribou in Northeastern Washington.
Rominger, Eric M. Robbins, Charles T. Evans, Marc A.
The journal of wildlife management. OCT 01 1996 v 60 n 4 719

Space and habitat use by the threatened Gaspe caribou in southeastern Quebec.
Ouellet, Jean-Pierre Ferron, Jean Sirois, Luc
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien d OCT 01 1996 v 74 n 10 1922

Estimating Fat Content of Caribou From Body Condition Scores.
Gerhart, K. L. White, R. G. Russell, D. E.
The journal of wildlife management. OCT 01 1996 v 60 n 4 713

Relationships between graminoid growth form and levels of grazing by caribou (Rangifer tarandus) in Alaska.
Post, E.S. Klein, D.R.
Oecologia. AUG 01 1996 v 107 n 3 364

Effects of summer grazing by caribou on composition and productivity of vegetation: community and landscape level.
Manseau, M. Huot, J. Crete, M.
The journal of ecology. AUG 01 1996 v 84 n 4 503

Increases In Moose, Caribou, And Wolves Following Wolf Control in Alaska.
Boertje, Rodney D. Valkenburg, Patrick McNay, Mark E.
The journal of wildlife management. JUL 01 1996 v 60 n 3 474

Habitat use and Movements of Two Ecotypes of Translocated Caribou in Idaho and British Columbia.
Warren, C. Peek, J.M. Zager, P.
Conservation biology : the journal of the socie APR 01 1996 v 10 n 2 547

Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, dibenzofurans and non-ortho substituted polychlorinated biphenyls in caribou (Rangifer tarandus) from the Canadian Arctic.
Hebert, C.E. Gamberg, M. Norstrom, R.J.
Science of the total environment. APR 26 1996 v 183 n 3 195

Effects of Petroleum Development on Terrain Preferences of Calving Caribou.
Nellemann, Christian Cameron, Raymond D.
Arctic. MAR 01 1996 v 49 n 1 23

Dietary nutrient profiles of Canadian Baffin Island Inuit differ by food source, season, and age.
Kuhnlein, Harriet V. Soueida, Rula Receveur, Olivier
Journal of the american dietetic association. FEB 01 1996 v 96 n 2 155
Summary: Traditional foods, such as bannock (a biscuit-like bread)and seal, caribou, and walrus meat, were th main sources of protein, phosphorus, iron, zinc, cooper, magnesium, and vitamin A in the diets of the Baffin Island Inuit. Market foods, such as refined grains and flours sugars, separated fats, and beef, contributed greater amounts of energy, fat, carbohydrate, calcium, and sodium. More than 60% of this population have inadequate intakes of calcium and vitamin A.

Body composition and nutrient reserves of arctic caribou.
Gerhart, K.L. White, R.G. Russell, D.E.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien d JAN 01 1996 v 74 n 1 136

Survival and mortality of translocated woodland caribou.
Compton, Bradley B. Zager, Peter Servheen, Gregg
Wildlife society bulletin Fall 1995 v 23 n 3 490

Caribou, Polar Bears--Or Oil?
Business week. DEC 11 1995 n 3454 36
Summary: Washington is brawling over the fate of Alaska's coastal plain.

Distribution of 210Pb at endosteal surfaces of bone from canadian Arctic caribou.
Salmon, P.L. Henshaw, D.L. Goodall, C.
International journal of radiation biology. DEC 01 1995 v 68 n 6 655

Influence of harassment by Wolves, Canis lupus, on Barren-ground Caribou, Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus, movements near the Burnside River, Northwest Territories.
Scotter, George W.
The Canadian field-naturalist. OCT 01 1995 v 109 n 4 452

Evidence of overwinter growth in Peary Caribou, Rangifer tarandus pearyi, calves.
Larter, Nicholas C. Nagy, John A.
The Canadian field-naturalist. OCT 01 1995 v 109 n 4 446

Late Labradorian metamorphism and anorthosite--granitoid intrusion, Cape Caribou River allochthon, Grenville Province, Labrador: evidence from U-- Pb geochronology.
Bussy, Francois Krogh, Thomas E. Wardle, Richard J.
Canadian journal of earth sciences. journal can SEP 01 1995 v 32 n 9 1411

Winter peatland habitat selection by woodland caribou in northeastern Alberta.
Bradshaw, Corey J.A. Hebert, Daryll M. Boutin, Stan
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien d AUG 01 1995 v 73 n 8 1567

Caribou and You.
Lee, David
American forests. JUL 01 1995 v 101 n 7 / 8 45

Caribou Calf Mortality In Denali National Park, Alaska.
Adams, Layne G. Singer, Francis J. Dale, Bruce W.
The journal of wildlife management. JUL 01 1995 v 59 n 3 584

Dietary change and obesity associated with glucose intolerance in Alaska Natives.
Murphy, Neil J. Schraer, Cynthia D. Lanier, Anne P.
Journal of the american dietetic association. JUN 01 1995 v 95 n 6 676
Summary: Food frequency, weight, and glucose intolerance data were collected from 1,124 residents of 15 native villages in Alaska. Findings document an increasing replacement of indigenous foods, such as moose, caribou, salmon, seal oil, and wild greens and berries, with nonindigenous foods, such as beef, pork, eggs, cheese, white bread, and soda pop, especially by young Alaska Natives. A pattern of increased intake of nonindigenous foods and reduced intake of indigenous carbohydrated and seal oil was associated with higher rates of glucose intolerance and overweight.

Fatal Babesiosis in an American Woodland Caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou).
Petrini, Kristine R. Holman, Patricia J. Wagner, G. Gale
Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official JUN 01 1995 v 26 n 2 298

Genetic variation of Woodland caribou (Rangifer tatrandus) in North America.
Van Staaden, Moira J. Hamilton, Meredith J. Chesser, R.K.
Zeitschrift fur Saugetierkunde. International j JUN 01 1995 v 60 n 3 150
Summary: Genetische Variabilitat beim Keim Karibu (Rangifer tarandus) in Nordamerika.

Antler Loss and Udder Distention in Relation to Parturition in Caribou.
Whitten, Kenneth R.
The journal of wildlife management. APR 01 1995 v 59 n 2 273

Body Mass and Composition Indices for Female Barren-Ground Caribou.
Chan-Mcleod, Ann C. Allaye White, Robert G. Russell, Donald E.
The journal of wildlife management. APR 01 1995 v 59 n 2 278

Range expansion of Coyotes, Canis latrans, threatens a remnant herd of Caribou, Rangifer tarandus, in southeastern Quebec.
Crete, Michel Desrosiers, Alain
The Canadian field-naturalist. APR 01 1995 v 109 n 2 227

Evaluating Growth of the Porcupine Caribou Herd Using a Stochastic Model.
Walsh, Noreen E. Griffith, Brad McCabe, Thomas R.
The journal of wildlife management. APR 01 1995 v 59 n 2 262

Caribou heir contest accelerates.
Flight international. MAR 29 1995 v 147 n 4465 9
Summary: Popeye/AGM-130 favoured for strike needs.

Inter-Island Water Crossings by Peary Caribou, South-Central Elizabeth Island.
Miller, Frank L.
Arctic. MAR 01 1995 v 48 n 1 8

A new arctic refuge.
Lunch, Wayne
Canadian geographic. MAR 01 1995 v 115 n 2 24
Summary: Aulavik National Park is a vast sanctuary for muskox, caribou and waterfowl.

Environmental contaminants in caribou in the Northwest Territories, Canada.
Bethke, R.W. Elkin, B.T.
Science of the total environment. JAN 15 1995 v 160 / 161 307

Genetic variation in domestic reindeer and wild caribou in Alaska.
Cronin, M.A. Renecker, L. Patton, J.C.
Animal genetics. 1995 v 26 n 6 427

Chukchi Hot Spots, Paleo-Polynyas, and Caribou Crashes: Climatic and Ecological Dimensions of North Alaska Prehistory.
Mason, Owen K. Gerlach, S. Craig
Arctic anthropology. 1995 v 32 n 1 101

Terrain Ruggedness and Caribou Forage Availability during Snowmelt on the Arctic Coastal Plain, Alaska.
Nellemann, Christian Thomsen, Mette Goul
Arctic. DEC 01 1994 v 47 n 4 361

Arboreal lichen in uncut and partially cut subalpine fir stands in woodland caribou habitat, northern Idaho and southeastern British Columbia.
Rominger, E.M. Allen-Johnson, L. Oldemeyer, J.L.
Forest ecology and management. DEC 01 1994 v 70 n 1 / 3 195

Predicting Parturition Rate of Caribou From Autumn Body Mass.
Cameron, Raymond D. Ver Hoef, Jay
The journal of wildlife management. OCT 01 1994 v 58 n 4 674

Managing for caribou.
Canadian forest industries. OCT 01 1994 32
Summary: It will require strategies at the stand and landscape level.

GIS Modeling of Paleo-Indian Period Caribou Migrations and Viewsheds in Northeastern Lower Michigan.
Krist, Frank J. Jr. Brown, Daniel G.
PE&RS : Photogrammetric engineering & remote sen SEP 01 1994 v 60 n 9 1129
Summary: Spatial relationships between viewsheds from three archaeological sites and the simulated pathways indicated that these sites were suitable locations for hunting caribou during theEarly Holocene.

Radiocarbon dating the extinct caribou on Franz Josef Land.
Zale, R. Glazovskiy, A. Naslund, J.-O.
Boreas. SEP 01 1994 v 23 n 3 254

Responses to simulated grazing and browsing of vegetation available to caribou in the Arctic.
Ouellet, Jean-Pierre Boutin, Stan Heard, Doug C.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien d AUG 01 1994 v 72 n 8 1426

Animal-Borne GPS: Tracking the Habitat.
Rodgers, Arthur R. Anson, Peter
GPS world. JUL 01 1994 v 5 n 7 20
Summary: Imagine tracking the whereabouts of a caribou or a moose in its native habitat. Researchers and technologists in Ontario, Canada, have designed a prototype GPS/communications system mounted on a collar to do just that.

A Tandemly Repetitive, Centromeric DNA Sequence from the Canadian Woodland Caribou (Rangifer Tarandus Caribou): Its Conservation and Evolution in Several Deer Species.
Lee, C. Ritchie, D. B. C. Lin, C. C.
Chromosome research : an international journal JUL 01 1994 v 2 n 4 293

A survey of the nematode parasite Parelaphostrongylus tenuis in the White-tailed Deer, Odocoileus virginianus, in a region proposed for Caribou, Rangifer tarandus caribou, re-introduction in Minnesota.
Pitt, William C. Jordan, Peter A.
The Canadian field-naturalist. JUL 01 1994 v 108 n 3 341

Dosimetry of 210 Po in Humans, Caribou, and Wolves in Northern Canada.
Thomas, P.A.
Health physics. JUN 01 1994 v 66 n 6 678

Transfer of 210 Po and 210 Pb Through the Lichen-Caribou-Wolf Food Chain of Northern Canada.
Thomas, P.A. Sheard, J.W. Swanson, S.
Health physics. JUN 01 1994 v 66 n 6 666

Demography of the Porcupine caribou herd, 1983-1992.
Fancy, Steven G. Whitten, Kenneth R. Russell, Donald E.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien d MAY 01 1994 v 72 n 5 840

Effects of protein and energy intake, body condition, and season on nutrient partitioning and milk production in caribou and reindeer.
Chan-McLeod, Ann C. Allaye White, Robert G. Holleman, Dan F.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien d MAY 01 1994 v 72 n 5 938

Cadmium in caribou and muskoxen from the Canadian Yukon and Northwest Territories.
Gamberg, Mary Scheuhammer, A. M.
Science of the total environment. APR 15 1994 v 143 n 2 / 3 221

In vitro isolation and cultivation of a Babesia from an American woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou).
Holman, Patricia J. Petrini, Kris Rhyan, Jack
Journal of wildlife diseases. APR 01 1994 v 30 n 2 195

Portfolio: Michio Hoshino's Zen for Caribou.
Alaska. MAR 01 1994 v 60 n 2 46
Summary: In a quest for the great herds, the photographer has seen Alaska's loneliest quarters.

Dynamics of an Introduced Caribou Population.
Heard, Douglas C. Ouellet, Jean-Pierre
Arctic. MAR 01 1994 v 47 n 1 88

Caribou House: Quebec's herd is crowding its range, providing a great opportunity for hunters in the know.
Robinson, Jerome B.
Field and stream. MAR 01 1994 v 98 n 11 32

Functional response of wolves preying on barren-ground caribou in a multiple-prey ecosystem.
Dale, B.W. Adam, L.G. Bowyer, R.T.
The Journal of animal ecology. 1994 v 63 n 3 644

Regulation of a large herd of migratory caribou: summer nutrition affects calf growth and body reserves of dams.
Crete, Michel Huot, Jean
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien d NOV 01 1993 v 71 n 11 2291

Survival of woodland caribou in commercial forests of northern Ontario.
Cumming, H.G. Beange, D.B.
The Forestry chronicle. OCT 01 1993 v 69 n 5 579

Reproduction, Growth and Body Composition of Riviere George Caribou in Captivity.
Crete, Michel Huot, Jean Nault, Rene
Arctic. SEP 01 1993 v 46 n 3 189

The Nomad: Alaska's caribou outnumber its people, so your odds are good.
Robb, Bob
Alaska. SEP 01 1993 v 59 n 8 52

Antlerless females among reindeer and caribou.
Reimers, E.
Canadian journal of zoology. JUL 01 1993 v 71 n 7 1319

Inlfuence of Fur Trade, Famine, and Forest Fires on Moose and Woodland Caribou Populations in Northwestern Ontario from 1786 to 1911.
Fritz, Ronald Suffling, Roger Younger, Thomas Ajit
Environmental management. JUL 01 1993 v 17 n 4 477

Observations of calf-hiding behavior by female Woodland Caribou, Rangifer tarandus caribou, in east-central Newfoundland.
Chubbs, Tony E.
The Canadian field-naturalist. JUL 01 1993 v 107 n 3 368

Winter energy balance and activity of female caribou on coats Island, Northwest Territories: the relative importance foraging and body reserves.
Adamczewski, J.Z. Hudson, R.J. Gates, C.C.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien d JUN 01 1993 v 71 n 6 1221

Dynamics of large herbivores in deserts: kangaroos and caribou.
Caughley, G. Gunn, A.
Oikos; acta oecologica scandinavica. MAY 01 1993 v 67 n 1 47

Perinatal mortality in caribou from the Porcupine herd, Alaska.
Roffe, Thomas J.
Journal of wildlife diseases. APR 01 1993 v 29 n 2 295

Responses of woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) to clear-cutting in east-central Newfoundland.
Chubbs, Tony E. Keith, Lloyd B. Mahoney, Shane P.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien d MAR 01 1993 v 71 n 3 487

Calving success of female caribou in relation to body weight.
Cameron, Raymond D. Smith, Walter T. Fancy, Steven G.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien d MAR 01 1993 v 71 n 3 480

Preliminary investigations on the parasite burden and distribution of endoparasite species of muskox (Ovibos moschatus) and caribou (Rangifer tarandus gorenlandicus) in West Greenland.
Korsholm, H. Olesen, C.R.
Rangifer. 1993 v 13 n 4 185

A New Aerial Wolf War?
Steinhart, Peter
Defenders. Wint 1992 v 68 n 1 30
Summary: Conservationists and Alaska bureaucrats are at odds over plans designed to increase moose and caribou for hunters.

A further analysis of the Nelehina caribou and wolf data.
Eberhardt, L L. Pitcher, K W.
Bulletin. Wint 1992 v 20 n 4 385

Redistribution of Calving Caribou in Response to Oil Field Development on the Arctic Slope of Alaska.
Cameron, Raymond D. Reed, Daniel J. Dau, James R.
Arctic; journal of Arctic Institute of North Am DEC 01 1992 v 45 n 4 338

The hairy giants of the ice age lurk in the bones of today's caribou, musk ox and moose.
Herman, Anne L.
Alaska. NOV 01 1992 v 58 n 11 36

Fish imagery in art 27: The caribou carvers of Kangiqsualujiuac.
Power, G.
Environmental biology of fishes. OCT 01 1992 v 35 n 2 140

Photo Essay: Miracles Of Migration.
Alaska. OCT 01 1992 v 58 n 10 34
Summary: Follow herds of caribou--plus whales, salmon and birds--on a endless journey of survival.

Suckling, weaning, and growth in captive woodland caribou.
Lavigueur, Lucie Barrette, Cyrille
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien SEP 01 1992 v 70 n 9 1753

Nonrandom Distribution of Antlers Cast by Peary Caribou Bulls, Melville Island, Northwest Territories.
Miller, Frank L. Barry, Samuel J.
Arctic. SEP 01 1992 v 45 n 3 252

Calving Success of Woodland Caribou Exposed to Low-Level Jet Fighter Overflights.
Harrington Fred H. Veitch, Alasdair M.
Arctic. SEP 01 1992 v 45 n 3 213

Distribution of wolf dens on migratory caribou ranges in the Northwest Territories, Canada.
Heard, D.C. Williams, T.M.
Canadian journal of zoology. Journal canadien d AUG 01 1992 v 70 n 8 1504

Factors limiting woodland caribou populations and their interrelationships with wolves and moose in southeastern British Columbia.
Seip, Dale R.
Canadian journal of zoology. Journal canadien d AUG 01 1992 v 70 n 8 1494

Woodland caribou: Facts for forest managers.
Cumming, H.G.
The Forestry chronicle. AUG 01 1992 v 68 n 4 481

AC Caribou alfalfa.
Michaud, R. Richard, C.
Canadian journal of plant science. revue canadi JUL 01 1992 v 72 n 3 845

Habitat Use by the Porcupine Caribou Herd During Predicted Insect Harassment.
Walsh, Noreen E. Fancy, Steven G. McCabe, Thomas R.
The journal of wildlife management. JUL 01 1992 v 56 n 3 465

Antler casting and parturition in wild female caribou.
Gagnon, Luc Barrette, Cyrille
Journal of mammalogy. MAY 01 1992 v 73 n 2 440

Productivity And Early Calf Survival In The Porcupine Caribou Herd.
Whitten, Kenneth R. Garner, Gerald W. Mauer, Francis J.
The Journal of wildlife management. APR 01 1992 v 56 n 2 201

Oil, Caribou and Culture.
Davidson, Arthur
Defenders. JAN 01 1992 v 67 n 1 22
Summary: The Gwich'in, America's northernmost Indians, view the Arctic Refuge debate as an issue of survival.

Short-Term Impacts of Low-Level Jet Fighter Training on Caribou in Labrador.
Harrington, Fred H. Veitch, Alasdair M.
Arctic. DEC 01 1991 v 44 n 4 318

Selection of calving sites by Porcupine herd caribou.
Fancy, S.G. Whitten, K.R.
Canadian journal of zoology. Journal canadien d JUL 01 1991 v 69 n 7 1736

Vanishing herds.
Corbett, Bill
Canadian geographic. JUN 01 1991 v 111 n 3 85
Summary: Are Alberta's woodland caribou on the road to extinction.

Can the caribou go home again? Despite historical odds against success, people in Maine, Minnesota and Idaho seek to restore lost herds.
Madson, John
Smithsonian. MAY 01 1991 v 22 n 2 98

Fire and Woodland Caribou in southeastern Manitoba.
Schaefer, James A. Pruitt Jr., William O.
Wildlife monographs. APR 01 1991 n 116 1

Lynx, Felis lynx, predation on Red Foxes, Vulpes vulpes, Caribou, Rangifer tarandus and Dall Sheep, Ovis dalli, in Alaska.
Stephenson, Robert O. Grangaard, Daniel V. Burch, John
The Canadian field-naturalist. APR 01 1991 v 105 n 2 255

Estimating Bathurst Island Peary Caribou and Muskox Populations.
Miller, Frank L.
Arctic. MAR 01 1991 v 44 n 1 57

Recovery of Tundra Vegetatioin after Overgrazing by Caribou in Arctic Canada.
Henry, G.H.R. Gunn, A.
Arctic. MAR 01 1991 v 44 n 1 38

Caribou in the changing North.
Klein, D.R.
Applied animal behaviour science. FEB 01 1991 v 29 n 1 / 4 279

Give Me a Home Where the Caribou Roam: An Alaska AFSCME member loves his work with the herds.
The public employee. FEB 01 1991 v 56 n 2 20

Public Health Response to an Identified Environmental Toxin: Managing Risks to the James Bay Cree Related to Cadmium in Caribou and Moose.
Archibald, C. P. Kostasky, T.
Canadian journal of public health. Revue canadi JAN 01 1991 v 82 n 1 22

L 'Homme-Caribou: L 'analyse Ethnoscientifique du Mythe.
Clement, Daniel
The Canadian journal of native studies. 1991 v 11 n 1 49

Caribou Needles and Sealskin Thimbles.
Oakes, Jillian
The Musk-ox. 1991 n 38 49

Caribou Population Dynamics and Thule Culture Adaptation on Southern Baffin Island, N.W.T.
Stenton, Douglas R.
Arctic anthropology. 1991 v 28 n 2 15

A Corporate Caribou Hunt.
Binford, Lewis R.
Expedition. 1991 v 33 n 1 33
Summary: Documenting the Archaeology of Past Lifeways.

Early-winter diet of woodland caribou in relation to snow accumulation, Selkirk Mountains, British Columbia, Canada.
Rominger, Eric M. Oldemeyer, John L.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien DEC 01 1990 v 68 n 12 2691

Sparring and access to food in female caribou in the winter..
Barrette, C.
Animal behaviour. DEC 01 1990 v 40 p 6 1183

Biomasse et especes de lichens terrestres disponsibles pourle caribou dans le nord du Quebec.
Crete, Michel Morneau, Claude Nault, Rene'
Canadian journal of botany. Journal canadien de OCT 01 1990 v 68 n 10 2407

Diet quality and intake requirements of adult female caribou of the Denali herd, Alaska.
Boertje, R.D.
The Journal of applied ecology. AUG 01 1990 v 27 n 2 420

Dermacentor albipictus (Acari, Ixodidae) on captive reindeer and free-ranging woodland caribou.
Welch, D.A. Samuel, W.M. Wilke, C.J.
Journal of wildlife diseases. JUL 01 1990 v 26 n 3 410

Interactions between asymmetric brow tines in caribou and reindeer antlers.
Goss, Richard J.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien JUN 01 1990 v 68 n 6 1115

An epizootic of besnoitiosis in captive caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou), reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus hemionus).
Glover, G. J. Swendrowski, M. Cawthorn, R. J.
Journal of wildlife diseases. APR 01 1990 v 26 n 2 186

Caribou Pregnancy Diagnosis From Immunoreactive Progestins and Estrogens Excreted in Feces.
Messier, Francois Desaulniers, Daniel M. Goff, Alan K.
The journal of wildlife management. APR 01 1990 v 54 n 2 279

Food Selection during Early Lactation by Caribou Calving on the tundra in Quebec.
Crete, Michel Huot, Jean Gauthier, Line
Arctic. MAR 01 1990 v 43 n 1 60

Changes in the Population Dynamics of the George River Caribou Herd, 1976-87.
Couturier, Serge Brunelle, Josee Vandal, Denis
Arctic. MAR 01 1990 v 43 n 1 9

Spring migration and dispersion of woodland caribou at calving.
Bergerud, A.T. Ferguson, R. Butler, H.E.
Animal behaviour. FEB 01 1990 v 39 n 2 360

Survival of radio-collared caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) from the George River heard, Nouveau-Quebec-Labrador.
Hearn, Brian J. Luttich, Stuart N. Crete, Michel
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien FEB 01 1990 v 68 n 2 276

Cuticular Ridge Pattern in Ostertagia gruehneri and Ostertagia arcitica (Nematoda: Trichostrongyloidea) from Caribou, Rangifer tarandus.
Lichtenfels, J.R. Pilitt, P.A. Fruetel, M.
Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washi JAN 01 1990 v 57 n 1 61

Comparison of energy metabolism in relation to daily activity and milk consumption by caribou and muskox neonates.
Parker, Katherine L. White, Robert G. Gillingham, Michael P.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien JAN 01 1990 v 68 n 1 106

The Effect of Extreme Snowcover on Feeding-Site Selection By Woodland Caribou.
Brown, W. Kent Theberge, John B.
The journal of wildlife management. JAN 01 1990 v 54 n 1 161

Deep sediment mixing by burbot (Lota lota), Caribou Island Basin, Lake Superior, USA.
Boyer, Larry F. McCall, Peter L. Soster, Frederick M.
Ichnos. 1990 v 1 n 2 91

Sparring, relative antler size, and assessment in male caribou.
Barrette, C. Vandal, D.
Behavioral ecology and sociobiology. 1990 v 26 n 6 383

L'exploitation du caribou au site de la riviere Trail (NgVh-1) dans le nord du Yukon.
Nagy, Murielle
The Musk-ox. Wint 1989 n 37 152

Interglacila remains of caribou (Rangifer tarandus) and lemming (Dicrostonyx torquatus(?)) from North Greenland.
Meldgaards, Morten Bennike, Ole
Boreas. DEC 01 1989 v 18 n 4 359

Fetal sex ratios in Caribou: Maternal age and condition effects.
Thomas, Donald C. Barry, Samuel J. Kiliaan, Hendrick P.
The journal of wildlife management. OCT 01 1989 v 53 n 4 885

Gastrointestinal helminths of woodland and barren ground caribou (Rangifer tarandus) in Canada, with keys to species.
Fruetel, Michael Lankester, Murray W.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien SEP 01 1989 v 67 n 9 2253

Caribou Troubles May Signal New FAA Moves.
Gibson, Kevin
Parachutist. SEP 01 1989 v 30 n 9 18

Parelaphostrongylus andersoni (Nematoda: Protostrongylidae) in caribou (Rangifer tarandus) of northern and central Canada.
Lankester, Murray W.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien AUG 01 1989 v 67 n 8 1966

Synlophe of Nematodirus odocoilei (Trichostrongyloidea) from deer and caribou in North America with comments on the evolution of Nematoridus spp. among the Cervidae (Artiodactyla).
Hoberg, Eric P. Fruetel, Michael Rickard, Lora G.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien JUN 01 1989 v 67 n 6 1489

Variation in cadmium content of caribou tissues from northern Quebec.
Crete, M. Nault, R. Walsh, P.
Science of the total environment. MAY 15 1989 v 80 n 2 / 3 103

The Selection of Snowpatches as Relief Habitat by Woodland Caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou), Macmillan Pass, Selwyn/Mackenzie Mountains, N.W.T., Canada.
Ion, Peter G. Kershaw, G. Peter
Arctic and alpine research. MAY 01 1989 v 21 n 2 203

Caribou from the Late Pleistocene of northwestern Alabama.
Churcher, C. S. Parmalee, P. W. Bell, G. L.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien MAY 01 1989 v 67 n 5 1210

Spatial Representativeness of Climatic Data from Baffin Island, N.W.T., with Implications for Muskoxen and Caribou Distribution.
Jacobs, John D.
Arctic. MAR 01 1989 v 42 n 1 50

Seasonal movements of caribou in arctic Alaska as determined by satellite.
Fancy, S.G. Pank, L.F. Whitten, K.R.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien MAR 01 1989 v 67 n 3 644

Caribou bones and Labrador tea. A first-aid list like no other.
Olsson, Karen
The canadian nurse. FEB 01 1989 v 85 n 2 18

Evaluation of xylazine hydrochloride as the sole immobilizing agent in moose and caribou - and its subsequent reversal with idazoxan.
Doherty, Thomas J. Tweedie, Douglas P.R.
Journal of wildlife diseases. JAN 01 1989 v 25 n 1 95

Body composition of the George River caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) in fall and late winter.
Huot, J.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien JAN 01 1989 v 67 n 1 103

Wolf Predation On the Nelchina Caribou Herd: A Reply.
Bergerud, A.T. Ballard, W.B.
The journal of wildlife management. JAN 01 1989 v 53 n 1 251

Wolf Predation On The Nelchina Caribou Herd: A Comment.
Ballenberghe, V. Van
The journal of wildlife management. JAN 01 1989 v 53 n 1 243

Early-Winter Habitat Of Woodland Caribou, Selkirk Mountains, British Columbia.
Rominger, Eric M. Oldemeyer, John L.
The journal of wildlife management. JAN 01 1989 v 53 n 1 238

Habitat Use By Woodland Caribou In The Selkirk Mountains.
Servhenn, Gregg Lyon, L. Jack
The journal of wildlife management. JAN 01 1989 v 53 n 1 230

Caribou-Majestic Wanderers
National geographic. DEC 01 1988 v 174 n 6 846
Summary: Photographer Michio Hoshino chronicles the life cycle of these tundra-dwelling mammals in the last great migratory herds of the New World

Predation on moose and caribou by radio-collared grizzly bears in east central Alaska.
Boertje, R.D. Gasaway, W.C. Grangaard, D.V.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien NOV 01 1988 v 66 n 11 2492

A Simplified Method For Assessment of Caribou Body Composition.
Huot, J. Picard, G.
The journal of wildlife management. OCT 01 1988 v 52 n 4 606

Limiting effects of snow on seasonal habitat use and diets of caribou (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus) on Coats Island, Northwest Territories, Canada.
Adamczewski, J.Z.
Canadian journal of zoology. journal canadien SEP 01 1988 v 66 n 9 1986




@from 15th Feb.,1997@  from 13th. Nov., 1999